Sudan After nearly 50 years of internal conflict and the secession of South Sudan in 2012, the Sudanese government and opposition forces continue to commit human rights abuses against its population, including occupying schools around the country: • The Sudanese Army (SAF), Central Reserve Police and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) have all reportedly engaged in military use of education institutions, January 2005 to October 2012. • In 2006 students in Darfur towns are obliged to carry out military service in the SAF in order to sit for secondary school examinations. • In September 2007, a boys’ secondary school in Mornei, Western Darfur, was reportedly occupied by the Central Reserve Police following clashes between the Government and SLA/Abu Gasim. • In 2008, because SPLA forces occupied a school in Holi village, Eastern Equatoria, Sudan, classes moved under a tree. • In October 2010, SPLA occupied Wunalem and Alem basic schools in Jonglei State during fighting that had erupted between SPLA and a renegade commander. Despite United Nations advocacy, the two schools were still being occupied by SPLA forces more than a year later. • In 2012, SAF continued to occupy one primary school to maintain a permanent security presence, despite the fact that pupils were attending class in the vicinity.
Sudan Resources • UN Security Council Report: Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Sudan • GCPEA Report:Lessons in War: Military Use of Schools and Other Education Institutions During Conflict