Chapter 8 - Rock ‘n’ Roll American Popular Music Week 6 - Monday
Styles (thus far) Minstrelsy and Vaudeville Tin Pan Alley Ragtime Jazz Blues (country) Race Hillbilly Big Band, Swing Western Swing Boogie-woogie R&B Country & Western ROCK ‘n’ ROLL!
Styles (thus far) Minstrelsy and Vaudeville Tin Pan Alley Ragtime Blues (country) Hillbilly Race Jazz Big Band, Swing Boogie-woogie R&B Country & Western ROCK ‘n’ ROLL!
Three covers Shake, Rattle and Roll Sh-boom Mystery Train
Big Joe Turner Jump Blues R&B Bill Haley and the Comets More guitars and sax Has more western swing rhythmic feel Shake, Rattle and Roll
The Chords R&B vocal style Swings The Crew Cuts Crooners Doesn’t swing Sh-boom
Junior Parker R&B song Pessimistic Elvis Presley Aggressive and raw Altered words Optimistic Mystery Train
Chuck Berry “Maybellene” Song? Heavy, buzzing electric guitar Blue notes and slides Drum backbeat Musical content Verse (1chord) Chorus (12 bar blues) Form? Roots? Blues, R&B, [country] Although firmly rooted in R&B, blending of previous segregated styles appealed to both white and black audiences Significance?
“Maybellene” Significance: Tempo: Lyrics: Intro:
R&B rockers Who? Chuck Berry Little Richard Fats Domino Songs? “Long Tall Sally” “Tutti-Frutti” “Maybellene” “Johny B. Goode” “Ain’t That a Shame” “Blueberry Hill” Verse - chorus Starts with chorus (12-bar blues) Verse has no chrd change Style? 12-bar blues: 4 bars -verse 4 chorus 4 New Orleans style, Heavy boogie- woogie influence Wild, clownish, Sexually ambiguous Discussed previously
Country Rockers Elvis Presley Buddy Holly Innovative rocker whose 4 voice style was imitated by many to follow, including The Beatles White singer who blended R&B With country, much as Chuck Berry “Mystery Train” “Hound Dog” “Don’t Be Cruel” “Peggy Sue” “That’ll Be the Day” Strophic : 8 bars verse,8 bars chorus. Instrumental breaks in blues Instrumental Chorus verse chorus V (B) IV (A) IV I I I (A)
The Sound of Rock • Shift in importance from songwriter to producer • Cemented the importance of southern-derived styles