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Thesis Writing

Thesis Writing. Essam Nada , MD. Objectives. The participant will be able to Describe what are the purposes of writing an academic thesis How to write a thesis proposal What are the component of a thesis What are the steps of thesis work How to write a thesis

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Thesis Writing

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  1. Thesis Writing Essam Nada , MD

  2. Objectives The participant will be able to • Describe what are the purposes of writing an academic thesis • How to write a thesis proposal • What are the component of a thesis • What are the steps of thesis work • How to write a thesis • How to defend a thesis

  3. To develop a skill to find out the literature . • To demonstrate the appropriate depth and breadth of knowledge in the discipline. • To develop the skill to evaluate the available information and thus to help them to adopt evidence based practice. • To practice ethical application in professional life. • To think critically and creatively. Other learning objectives

  4. What is a thesis • Written report of supervised research at the institute level. • A Primary publication of the candidate’s independent research. • Contains and presents candidates own findings which are critically analyzed with scientific information from other sources.

  5. To use this excellent learning experience as a tool for “learning to learn” • To familiarize the student with the steps of research, • To promote critical and analytical thinking • To provide an experience in scientific writing and • To contribute to knowledge. Why it is a prerequisite for Master and MD programs ?

  6. Benefits

  7. Benefits Medical practice is complex and unpredictable! Needs ----- Best professional judgment – • With a professional wisdom • A complicated amalgam of : • Factual knowledgeالمعرفة الحقيقية • Procedural skill and • Intuition البداهة The exercise of academic research is to learn, build up and develop the professional wisdom.

  8. Benefits Development of writing skill – a communication • Communication among the scientific - progress of science • So the scientist should have : • A strong general writing skill. • An understanding of the convention of scientific writing and • An understanding of the Reader’s expectation.

  9. Benefits All these are necessary to develop a skilled professional - • To methodically deal with the real world problems and • To find out the best possible evidence-based solution

  10. Steps of thesis work

  11. Steps of thesis work Step 1- Start literature review . Step 2 – Start working with guide/Supervisor. Step 3 – Preparation, submission and approval of the proposal (all these must be completed within 3m; 1/4th of the total time). Step 4 – Start data collection. Step 5 – Start data management and start report writing . Step 6 – Continue to finish report writing (must be completed within 8th m). Step 7 – Revision and correction of the report. Step 8 – Final correction, editing and submission (must be within 10th month). Step 10 - Writing thesis derived articles. Step 11 - Defending the thesis.

  12. To select the problem. • To build up knowledge on the related issues. • To discuss with the supervisor for finalization. • Selection and working with the title. Step 1 : Start literature search and review

  13. Mind maps on: • Development of the research instrument. • Planning for pretesting. • Development of proposal draft. • Time line for submission for protocol. Step 2: Start working with the Guide

  14. Protocol : A written detailed scientific plan of the study. • Proposal : A document written for obtaining fund that contains: • Study protocol. • Budget. • Other administrative and supportive informations. Protocol vs. proposal

  15. Similar to that of a thesis a large fraction of the material can be used for final thesis. • Title page/Cover page • Abstract • Table of contents • Introduction • Thesis/problem statement • Approach/methods • Preliminary/expected results and discussion • Implications of research • List of references • Work plan including time table Elements of a protocol

  16. Introduction • Problem statement • Literature review • Methodology • Bibliography Major Parts of the Thesis Proposal

  17. Introduction: • A short summary of the major questions behind the research, the context of those questions within a larger academic framework. Major Parts of the Thesis Proposal

  18. Problem statement: • Describe in depth, and provide the background and particular context of the problem in relation to the particular academic field. Major Parts of the Thesis Proposal

  19. Literature review: • Address the scope of research and list major findings. • Methodology: • Describe what you plan to do, why you plan to do it, and how you are going to go about doing it. • Bibliography : • A list of all source materials Major Parts of the Thesis Proposal

  20. Tips For Preparing the Proposal

  21. Give yourself plenty of time • “A good proposal needs around six months to prepare” • Complete a thorough literature review. • Communicate with your guide/supervisor. • Talk with the experts . Tips For Preparing the Proposal

  22. Thesis work (plan)

  23. How to write a thesis

  24. Thesis is a weaving of theory and facts that makes the fabrics of knowledge. Marvin Harris said that: • “Facts are always unreliable without theory • and • Theories without facts are meaningless” So • A logical structure reflects and clarify the relationship between theory and fact of a research paper The need for a standard format

  25. Variations distracts : اختلافات تشتت الانتباه • Reader have to spent more time and energy • to understand and conceive the idea and • There is a possibility of misinterpretation • تفسير خاطئ • Easy and short sentences : • writer’s intention will be best understood by most of the readers Need for Consistency (in structure and the format)

  26. The basic physical arrangement of A thesis

  27. Front matters • Body • Back matters

  28. Front matters • Title page • Declaration of authorship • Certificate or forwarding of guide or supervisor (omitted after approval) • Recommendation or Approval for acceptance • Dedication (optional) • Epigraph (optional) • Frontispiece (optional) • Acknowledgement (optional) • Preface (optional) • List of contents • List of tables • List of figures and diagrams • List of abbreviation • Abstract

  29. Title of the study. • Students name, Degree, specialty . • Institute name, place, month & year of submission. Title page

  30. Title at the top • extra space above and below, • larger and bold face font than the other items of the page, • ALL CAP or Capitalize Each Word • 1.5 space between lines • No abbreviations - everything in word • All centered • Name as recorded in the institute Title page

  31. Title page Predictive Value of Serum Interleukin-6 and Interferon-γ in Leprotic Patients A Thesis Submitted for partial fulfillment of the master degree ofDermatology, Venereologyand Andrology By Yasmin Ahmed Yasin Ahmed M.B., B. Ch. AssuitFaculty of Medicine Under supervision of Prof. Dr. / EssamEldinAbd El-Aziz Nada Professor of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University Dr. / Moustafa Adam Ali El Taieb Assist. Prof. of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University Dr. / Hanan Mahmoud Abdel latifFayed Assist. Prof .of clinical and chemical pathology-QenaFaculty of Medicine, South Valley University 2013

  32. 2nd Page Declaration • Declarations made by the student: • Declaration of authorship إعلان التأليف • Transition from student to scholar الانتقال من طالب إلى باحث • Declaration of the purpose الإعلان عن الغرض • Declaration of originality اعلان الاصالة • Authorization of property rights إذن حقوق الملكية

  33. Certificate of the Guide/Supervisor Certification on the: • Originality • Guidance and • Other informations declared by the student. This page can be omitted after final approval 3rd page

  34. Recommendation for Acceptance • Recommendation • Signature, name and designation of the board members • Date of approval/recommendation 4th Page

  35. 5th page (optional)

  36. 6th page Epigraphs عبارات مقتبسة

  37. 6th page (optional)

  38. 7th page Frontispiece واجهة

  39. 7th page (optional )

  40. Acknowledgment Thanks to Allah first and foremost. I feel always indebted to Allah; the most kind and the most merciful. I would like to express my deep gratitude, appreciation, thanks and respect to Prof. Dr. Essam Eldin Abd-Aziz Nada, Professor of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, whose guidance, patience and kindness were behind the accomplishment of this thesis. I would also like to thank Dr. Moustafa Adam Ali El Taieb , Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Aswan University, for his continuous encouragement, advise, understanding and meticulous supervision. I would like also to express my great thanks to Dr. Hanan Mahmoud Abdel latif Fayed Assistant Professor of clinical and chemical pathology Qena Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, for her valuable help in the laboratory assay part of this work. I would like also to thank Dr. Hassan Mohamed Ibrahim lecturer of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Qena Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, for his support, advice and encouragement. Thanks for all the members of dermatology and venereology department and all my patients. Yasmin Ahmed yasin 8th page (optional!)

  41. 9th page Preface تمهيد

  42. 9th page (optional)

  43. List of contents • Chapters (No. or Name) • Contents (Name or Heading) • Page no (In Romans or Arabic's) 10thpage (optional

  44. 11th page

  45. 12th page

  46. 13th page

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