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Improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks …. How ( and why ) to communicate to builders, owners, a

Improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks …. How ( and why ) to communicate to builders, owners, and the public at large?. Philippe Casteleyn Chairman, ELA Communication Committee. “When you ride an escalator or moving walk, it must be safe and easy to use …”.

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Improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks …. How ( and why ) to communicate to builders, owners, a

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  1. Improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks ….How (and why) to communicate to builders, owners, and the public at large? Philippe Casteleyn Chairman, ELA Communication Committee

  2. “When you ride an escalator or moving walk, it must be safe and easy to use …”

  3. Why improve the safety of existing escalators and moving walks? Fatalities happen every year !

  4. As time goes by… • Imagine an automobile built in the mid seventies. Compare to one you can buy today. See the difference? It is about design and comfort, pollution and consumption, power and performance. And most of all it is about safety. • Escalators and moving walks are among the most durable and reliable transportation means, providing personal mobility in and around buildings and they usually remain in service over decades before their owners even think about the need to overhaul or replace them. • In Europe today, more than 75.000 escalators and moving walks are in use, of which over 50% were installed in the last century. Some even exceed 30 and more years of continuous service. Only a few have been upgraded to use the latest technology available… • Still many are outdated in terms of riding comfort, performance, environmental friendliness, reliability, accessibility and seriously enough: • also in terms of user and worker safety!

  5. For many reasons … • Our urban society has evolved as well over the past decades and today citizens are demanding a higher quality of life for everybody. • Increasing longevity drives our social responsibility to help our elders keeping up with their preferred way of living through reasonable and safe accommodation. • Integrating people with any kind of disabilities into mainstream life requires that we continue progressively removing existing physical barriers. • Growing environmental awareness demands higher ecological standards for materials, production methods, components and operating conditions. • Escalators and moving walks must be available, safe and easy to use for everybody!

  6. The mobility chain must remain fluid!

  7. It is a matter of safety and … • There are European Rules regulating the manufacturing and installation of new escalators and moving walks. • Until recently, there were no common European Guidelines to rely on for maintaining and improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks. • Now these guidelines are reality….and have been created • by the CEN experts.(see also http://www.cen.eu) • Clearly committed to provide the highest safety standards, • the European Lift and Escalators Industry endorses the European • Safety Norm for Existing Escalators, also known in the industry as: • SNEE or EN 115-2!

  8. The Safety Norm for Existing Escalators … • SNEE establishes EU-wide state-of-the-art process to identify and take the appropriate corrective actions to eliminate eventually existing dangerous situations in a selective and progressive way. • Focusing on a catalogue of 39 pre-defined risks ranked according to their frequency and severity and it describes the appropriate solutions to eliminate or reduce such risks. • The progressive deployment of SNEE across Europe will allow the individual countries to consider previously existing regulation and to prioritize following their respective accident statistics and social expectations. • We all use escalators and moving walks in our daily lives. While we certainly appreciate smooth, comfortable and efficient mobility, we do definitely expect them to be safe, accessible and reliable in the first place. • Therefore, SNEE is becoming the European benchmark to measure and improve safety on existing • escalators and moving walks !

  9. SNEE covers users safety!

  10. SNEE covers workers safety!

  11. SNEE, while improving safety, may also cover indirectly other issues such as… Improved Energy Performance! • More than 75.000 escalators in Europe consume about 2.4TWh electricity per year. • This corresponds to 30% of the energy production of a nuclear power station

  12. Energy Efficient Escalators and Moving walks: E4 Project Please visit: http://www.e4project.eu

  13. Supporting Documents (1) • Brochure published by ELA and addressed to: • Industry, • Owners and • Third party inspection bodies Please visit: http://www.ela-aisbl.org

  14. Supporting Documents (2) • The “SNEE safety postcard” which is addressed to the end-users, the public at large!

  15. Supporting ELA Documents (3) • Intended as: • A tool, among others, to help in assessing the safety of existing escalators and moving walks under EN 115-2. It is not intended as a substitute for each equipment owner’s or technician’s own assessment and decision-making regarding acceptable levels of safety and measures to be taken to improve the safety of an existing installation. • A guideline, complementing (not substituting!): • The European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC. • The harmonised EN 115-1 standard (Safety of escalators and moving walks – Construction and installation). • EN 115-2 standard (Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks). • The Use of Work Equipment Directive (UWED, 89/655/EC, 95/63/EC and 2001/45/EC) • The Product Liability Directive (85/374/EC) • The Product Safety Directive for the consumers (2001/95/EC)

  16. SNEE / EN 115-2 impact in Europe …(1) • CEN formal vote finalized in 2010. Publication foreseen in 2010. • Once published, EN 115-2 is to consider as: • Basic rule for the maintaining and/or improvement of the safety. • New European state of the art. • Can serve as a guideline for: • Maintenance people to evaluate risks on site and to propose solutions. • Third party competent inspection bodies to evaluate risks on site and to propose solutions. • Owners to evaluate risks on site and to ask for solutions.

  17. SNEE / EN 115-2 impact in Europe…(2) • SNEE will affect the major part of the existing portfolio. In particular, the part older than 30 years ( installations before EN 115 -1983). • SNEE will initiate replacements and transformations: • In the aged part of the portfolio, we can face to many high level risks to cover them in an economical way by a transformation. • In the younger part of the portfolio we will have to act with up-grading kits. Resulting in a step closer to escalators and moving walks throughout Europe (and the World…) to become equally safe !

  18. Contacts between Industry and the “Owner” • Many contacts because of: • Selling a new equipment. • Maintenance contract and repairs. • Training about correct use. • Modernisation/improvement of safety. • After having a complaint. • Treatment of the report of the national inspection body who is working for the equipment owner. • … AND after having an incident or accident

  19. Industry has the obligation to inform “Owners “about : • Familiarise them with the technology and the “state of the technique”. • Inform them about the actual “state of the art” and if not applied: the possible residual and hidden risks. • Inform them about the (existing and new) legislation, standardisation and related responsibilities. • Demand their input for: • Making informative brochures addressed to owners and users. • Analysing incidents and accidents statistics.

  20. Application of SNEE in favour of the “standard” user: • Decreasing the difference between (new) CE- equipment and (old) existing equipment. • Equalising the safety over whole Europe • a tourist is also a consumer ! • Making those equipments more user-friendly for children, elderly people and disabled. • An equipment becoming more adapted to (recently) environmental changes

  21. Children, elderly and disabled people: • Their expectations in addition to the requirements of the “standard“ users: • Accessibility of the built environment. • Permanent features for safety. • Easy to use (understandable user-interface !) • ...NO hidden risks.

  22. The “OWNER” • His expectations in addition to the requirements of the “standard” user: • A good ratio: quality and safety / price. • No stress concerning responsibility. • Having satisfied users. • Acceptable comfort and safety, noise level, energy consumption,... • Added value to his built environment. • And ...NO accidents. • To have a better defensive position in case of an accident.

  23. In summary:Benefits of SNEE for the publicat large, this includes owners and industry: • Decreasing the amount of incidents and accidents. • More “fail safe “ for all kinds of users. • Better adapted to actual “modern” way of life. • Acceptable level of comfort.

  24. In summary: Industry has the obligation to inform about: • The residual risks we can encounter while using an escalator/moving walk, in particular if it concerns “old” installations. • What we understand under “a safe equipment” and what is the minimal requested “European safety level” today that we all should expect.

  25. Thank you for your attention Philippe Casteleyn

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