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EN 115-2 Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and PowerPoint Presentation
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EN 115-2 Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and

EN 115-2 Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and

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EN 115-2 Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and

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  1. EN 115-2Safety of escalators and moving walks - Part 2: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 1 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  2. BackgroundEuropean Union • More than 75 000 escalators and moving walks are in operation • More than 50% were installed in the last century • These machines are operational at different safety levels with different risk levels which may cause accidents. In today's legal environment, owners and maintenance companies must warrant a high degree of safety for users and service technicians. © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 2 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  3. Today‘s state of the art of safetyReducing the gap with EN 115-2 Safety EN115-1 Technology R & D, new standards in health and safety regulations EN115-2 EN115 A2:2004 EN115:1995 EN115 A1:1998 EN115:1983 C.I.R.A. Safety Existing escalators 2004 1983 1995 2000 2001 2008 2009 1920 1969 2010 © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 3 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  4. Approach of EN 115-2 • Categorization of hazards and hazardous situations, each of which has been analyzed by a risk assessment • Provision of corrective actions to • Improve, step by step, the safety of all existing units to today’s state of the art for safety • Enable each unit to be audited and safety measures to be identified and implemented • List the high, medium and low risks and corrective actions which can be applied in separate steps in order to mitigate (reduce) the risks © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 4 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  5. Use of this standard • National authorities to determine their own programs of implementation in a step by step process • Process in a reasonable and practicable way • based on the level of risk (e.g. high, medium, low) and • social and economic considerations • Owners to follow their responsibilities according to existing regulations (e.g. Use of Work Equipment Directive) • Maintenance companies and/or inspection bodies to inform the owners on the safety level of their installations • Owners to upgrade the existing units on a voluntary basis © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 5 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  6. The Scope • This European Standard gives rules for improving the safety of existing escalators and moving walks => Aims to reach an equivalent level of safety to that of a newly installed escalator and moving walk by the application of today’s state of the art for safety. © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 6 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  7. The Scope • This standard includes the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks for: • Users • Maintenance and inspection personnel • Persons outside the escalator or moving walk (but in its immediate vicinity) • Authorized persons • This standard is not applicable to: • Safety during transport, installation, repairs and dismantling of escalators and moving walks • Spiral escalators • Accelerating moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 7 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  8. List of significant hazards © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 8 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  9. List of significant hazards © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 9 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  10. The Safety check listacc. EN 115-2 – The tool to Example of 5 out of 65 items: • Identify the significant hazards on an existing escalator or moving walk • Determine which type of protective measure(s) proposed by this standard is/are applicable © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 10 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  11. National implementation of EN 115-2 • All technical solutions for upgrading to the state-of-the-art are listed in Clause 5 of this standard • No binding requirements for measures to be carried out on which unit and within which period of time • Subject to national legislation • The given procedures are intended to assist in setting up national regulations • Conclusion: this standard gives examples and templates, but they have to be introduced by national recommendations or laws © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 11 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  12. Backup • Not for distribution © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 12 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  13. Legal environment • Today's state of the art of safety is based on • the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, • the harmonized standard EN 115-1 (Safety of escalators and moving walks – Construction and installation) and • the standard EN 115-2 (Rules for the improvement of safety of existing escalators and moving walks) • National laws and regulations related to work and operation safety © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 13 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  14. Contents of EN 115-2 • Scope • Normative references • Terms and definitions • List of significant hazards • Safety requirements and/or protective measures • Verification of improvement measures • Information for use • Annex A (informative) Method for national implementation of EN 115-2 • Annex B (informative) Safety check list for existing escalators and moving walks © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 14 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  15. 2. Normative references • EN 115-1:2008, Safety of escalators and moving walks — Part 1: Construction and installation • EN 13015:2001, Maintenance for lifts and escalators — Rules for maintenance instructions • EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC • 60204-1:2005, modified) • EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic • terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003) • EN ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006) • EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and • lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008) © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 15 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  16. 4. List of significant hazards • Hazards not covered in this standard • environmental conditions including e.g. earthquake and flooding; • electromagnetic interferences; • shearing due to sharp edges on machinery; • non-conformance with national building codes; • fire in the building. © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 16 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  17. 5. Safety requirements and/or protective measures • Basically in accordance to EN 115-1 • 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures • 5.1 General • 5.2 Supporting structure (truss) and enclosure • 5.2.1 General • 5.2.2 Fire hazard • 5.3 Steps, pallets and belt • 5.4 Drive units • 5.4.1 Driving machine • 5.4.2 Braking system • 5.5 Balustrade • 5.5.1 General • 5.5.2 Dimension of balustrades • 5.5.3 Skirting • 5.6 Handrail system • 5.6.1 Handrail speed monitoring • 5.6.2 Profile and position • 5.6.3 Handrail entry • 5.7 Landings • 5.8 Machinery spaces, driving stations and return stations • 5.9 Fire protection • 5.10 (kept free) • 5.11 Electric installations and appliances • 5.11.1 General • 5.11.2 Main switches • 5.11.3 Protection against electrostatic loading • 5.12 Protection against electric faults - controls • 5.12.1 Stopping • 5.12.2 Inspection control • 5.13 Building interfaces • 5.13.1 Free space for users • 5.13.2 Machinery spaces outside the truss • 5.13.3 Electric power supply • 5.14 Safety signs for the user • 5.15 Use of shopping trolleys and baggage carts • 5.15.1 Escalator • 5.15.2 Moving walk © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 17 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  18. 6. Verification of improvement measures • Before putting an escalator or moving walk back into service after major modifications it shall be subject to examinations and tests in accordance with national regulations • Schindler: use of site acceptance protocol © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 18 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  19. Information for use • Relating to a specific modification made to the unit, documentation related to use, maintenance, inspection and periodic checks shall be provided for those components which are modified or added as far as the safety of workers and users is affected © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 19 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  20. Identification and evaluation of hazardous situations • By risk analysis © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 20 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt

  21. The risk analysisClassification of priority levels • upgrading all existing units to the state-of-the-art for safety at the same time may not be possible • subdivision of the hazardous situations in priority levels which then can be removed in several timed steps • The safety levels of the risk profile according to ISO/TS 14798 have been used for classifying the priority levels © ELA | T. Kausel |6-Jun-14 | Page 21 H:\Normen\SNEE\Kausel EN 115-2.ppt