UWGB New Employee Safety Orientation 2009 HAZARD COMMUNICATION AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE SAFETY TRAINING
Regulatory Background • OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration • DCOM – Wisconsin Department of Commerce
Hazard Communication • The Hazard Communication Standard is based on a simple concept – employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to while working.
Physical Hazards • Combustible and flammable liquids • Explosives • Compressed Gases • Oxidizers • Pyrophorics • Unstable, reactive materials
Health Hazards • Carcinogens • Corrosives • Irritants • Sensitizers • Toxins • Target Organ Effects
Hazard Communication Standard - Requirements • Labeling • Hazardous materials inventory • MSDS file • Written hazard communication program • Employee Training • Emergency Response
TOPICS COVERED • Hazard Communication 1910.1200 • Bloodborne pathogens 1910.1030 • Personal Protective Equipment 1910.132 • Noise 1910.95 • Respirator awareness 1910.134 • Confined Space 1910.146 • Lock Out Tag Out 1910.147
TOPICS COVERED • Electrical Safety 1910.331, NFPA 70E • Compressed Gasses 1910.101 • Fire Evacuation Plan 1910.38 • Medical Records 1910.200 • Flammable Liquids 1910.106 • Ergonomics • Working at Heights
§1910.1200 • One out of every four workers contacts hazardous chemicals on the job. • In many cases, the chemicals they deal with may be no more dangerous than those used at home,...
§1910.1200 • But in the workplace, exposure is likely to be greater, concentrations higher, and exposure time longer. • Therefore, the potential danger is greater on the job.
§1910.1200 • The Hazard Communication Standard Is Intended to Cover All Employees Who May Be Exposed to Hazardous Chemicals Under Normal Working Conditions or Where Chemical Emergencies Could Occur.
Manufacturer’s Labels • Identity of material • Appropriate hazard warning • Name and address of responsible party • Portable containers • Identity of material • Appropriate hazard warning
Hazard Warnings • Signal words • Caution • Warning • Danger
CHEMICALS PRESENT • Lab Chemicals • Cleaning Chemicals • Battery Acid • Compressed gas
The MSDS • Copies of MSDSs must be maintained in a file that's readily accessible to all workers during their workshift. MUST BE ACCESSIBLE COMPANY MSDS FILE
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS • IDENTITY • INGREDIENTS/ EXPOSURE LIMITS • PHYSICAL DATA • FIRE & EXPLOSION • REACTIVITY • SPILL PROCEDURES • HEALTH HAZARD • SPECIAL PROTECTION • SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Handling Hazardous ChemicalsDOT 49 CFR Class 1 Explosives (Orange) Class 2 Gases (Green, Yellow, Red, White) Class 3 Flammable Liquids (Red) Class 4 Flammable Solids (Red / White, Blue) Class 5 Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides (Yellow) Class 6 Toxic (White) Class 7 Radioactive (Yellow / White) Class 8 Corrosives (White / Black) Class 9 Misc. Dry Goods (White / Black, Red)
Slips, Trips & Falls • General Housekeeping • Cupboards, Cabinets & Carpets • Cords, Cables & Wires • Telephone outlets • Personal Belongings • Furniture • Fluids & Floor Surfaces
Housekeeping • What is Housekeeping? • cleanliness, tidiness, maintenance • taking care of your work area • good housekeeping calls for constant care • Benefits of Good Housekeeping • safer, easier, better, more fun • Advantages of Good Housekeeping • less tiring, more space, less aggravating, more business-like • Part ofYOUR Job
Working at HeightsControl Measures • Eliminate Fall Hazard1) Work on ground2) Cover holes3) Use equip. to lift assembled work4) Use enclosed equipment • Use Fall Protection System1) guardrail system - Top rail 42 +/- 3 inch high, mid rail 21 inch2) PFAS3) safety nets - drop test with 400 pound sand bag4) OSHA safety monitor (not acceptable) • Ladder, Scaffold, Lift Safety Rules
Respirator Purpose • Identify the need for respiratory protection • Prevent employee exposure to dangerous • atmospheres • Ensure respirators are provided • Ensure respirators are suitable to the application • for which they are needed • Meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.134
Respirator Scope • Respirators are used as personal protective equipment in • hazardous or potentially hazardous atmospheres. • All employees who are reasonably exposed to hazardous • or potentially hazardous atmospheres. • Includes members of Management, Supervision, and Line • Maintenance. May also include general employees.
Flashpoint • The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor in sufficient quantity to flash in presence of ignition source. • Combustible liquid • Flashpoint >1000 F and < 2000 F • Flammable liquid • Flashpoint < 1000 F
Types of Fire • Class A • Common combustible • Class B • Flammable liquids • Class C • Energized electrical • Class D • Flammable metals
Fire Safety in the Office • Emergency Control Organization? • Appropriate Equipment? • alarms, extinguishers, hoses, detectors • Know where to go? & How? • Raising the Alarm? • Training? • Visitors, Clients, Public?
PASS • Pull • Aim • Squeeze • Sweep
What is a Confined Space? Confined space … Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (for example, tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hoppers, vaults, and pits are spaces that may have limited means of entry.) Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.
Confined Space General Requirements • All employees required to enter confined or enclosed spaces must be instructed in: • nature of the hazards • necessary precautions to be taken • use of protective and emergency equipment
Bloodborne Pathogen Emergencies • In an emergency situation, always use Universal Precautions • Minimize your exposure by wearing • Gloves • Splash goggles • Pocket mouth-to-mouth resuscitation masks • Other barrier devices
Bloodborne Pathogen Spill Cleanup • Carefully cover the spill with paper • towels or rags • Gently pour 10% solution of bleach over • the towels or rags • Let sit for 10 minutes • Wear gloves to collect & • dispose of waste
Bloodborne Pathogen Summery • Always know what you are working with • Use proper PPE in situations with Bloodborne Pathogens • Report all suspected exposures • Don't handle sharps or broken glass with your hands • Properly dispose of pathogen waste, PPE and Sharps
HIGH RISK • Blood • Other potentially infectious materials • internal body fluids • semen and vaginal secretions • breastmilk • saliva in dental procedures • unidentifiable body fluids • other with visible blood
Not Considered BBP • sweat • tears • urine • feces • vomit
Routes of Transmission • Inoculation of blood or body fluids • IV drug use • blood transfusions/organ donation • Sexual • homosexual • heterosexual
Routes of Transmission (cont’d) • Perinatal • to fetus before birth • to infant through breast feeding • On the job • needlesticks • contact with non-intact skin • contact with mucous membranes
BBPs Are Not Spread By: • Tears • Sweat • Vomit • Feces • Urine • Hugging • Food or water • Sharing eating utensils or drinking glasses • Sneezing/coughing • Casual contact
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Treat all blood and OPIMs as infectious
Lockout / Tagout Control of Hazardous Energy1910.147 Major Provisions • Energy Control Program • Documented Energy Control Procedures • Energy Isolating Devices • Lockout / Tagout Devices • Employee Training • Periodic Inspections
Electrical Safety NFPA 70E • Special Training is required for work on electrical equipment • Only Authorized Employees may conduct electrical work
Electrical Safety Hazards • Electrical Hazards Include • Electrical Shock • Electrical Explosions • Electrical Burns • These can result in severe injury or death