Geographic Impact Question: Three facts about the impact of WWII on the geography of Texas.
Answer Texans planted “Victory Gardens” Gas and Oil increased production Military bases were built across Texas due to our mild climate.
Geographic Impact Cont. Question: What types of natural resources was Texas able to contribute to the war effort? What were they used for? Describe two…
Answer: Lumber- built barracks Oil – to fuel military vehicles
Question: How did the population of Texas shift during WWII?
Answer: People moved from the rural (country) to the urban (city) areas for job opportunities.
Question: Why was the geography of Texas good for military use? Give two reasons:
Answer: Texas had a large amount of unused land Climate was mild enough to build military installations.
Impact on Texas today Those resources in demand during war time are major industries in Texas today.
Political impact Question: 3 facts about the political impact of WW II on Texas.
Answer: Texans occupied every rank and branch of the services. Chester W. Nimitz was one of the 12 admirals from Texas. 12,000 women served in the military.
Question: Who were people from Texas that held high ranking government or military positions during WWII? Describe two…
Answer: • Oveta Culp Hobby: organized the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps. (WAAC). • Gen. Dewight D. Eisenhower: commander of allied forces in Europe. • Sam Rayburn – Speaker of the House (supported financial support for the war effort)
Question: How many Texans served in the armed forces? How many casualties were from Texas?
Answer: 750,000 served in the armed forces Over 22,000 casualties
Question: What types of military installations were located in Texas during World War II? Describe two….
Answer: Army base – Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas Internment camps – (Latin Americans and California Japanese)- Kenedy, Texas
Impact on Texas Today Political leaders from Texas still hold high ranking positions in the government and the military. Since WWII there have been three presidents from Texas: Lyndon B. Johnson, George Bush, and George W. Bush.
Lyndon B. Johnson 36th President
George Bush Aviator in WWII 41st President
George W. Bush 43rd President
Social Impact Three facts about the social impact of World War II on Texas.
Answer: • Women became more independent as they helped with the war effort in factories and in the military. • GI Bill – Provided free education and special loans for returning military. • Discrimination – African Americans and Mexican Americans experienced less discrimination in Europe and wanted the same equal treatment when they returned stateside.
Question: Who were some Texans who were heroes during WWII and what did they do? Describe two…
Answer: • Audie Murphy – the most decorated soldier with 33 awards and medals. Famous Hollywood actor. • Gen. Eisenhower – successfully ran the entire campaign on the European war front. 34th U.S. President.
Question: What were ways that Texans changed their lifestyle to support the war effort? Describe Four…
Answer: • Texans rationed their everyday goods like metals and certain foods like sugar. • Texans planted “Victory Gardens” • Purchased War Bonds • Women had to take on the role of head of household because their husbands went off to war. • Migration to urban areas
Question: What were ways Texas Women supported the war effort? Describe two…
Answer: • Women joined military units as WAAC’s, WAVES, and WASPS. • Worked in factories and businesses. “Rosie the Riveter”
Impact on Texas Today Women and minorities Serve in a Desegregated military.
Economic Impact Question: Three facts about the economic impact of World War II On Texas.
Answer: • Factories were built in Orange and Beaumont to build ships and airplanes. • The economy caused an increase in the Texas population. • The oil and gas industry grew during this time.
Question How did jobs in Texas change during World War II?
Answer: They changed from agriculture to manufacturing.
Question How did Texans support the war economically?
Answer: Texas provided 80% of the oil needed to fight the war.
Question: What types of Industries were the most significant during WWII?
Answer • Oil Industry • Lumber Industry • Construction • Cotton • Women joined the workforce
Impact on Texas today Wartime industries are still important in Texas today; for example, Oil and Lumber.
Additional information Profit -profit is the degree to which persons or organizations are better off financially at the end of a time period than they were at the beginning Government regulation New Deal Programs during the Great Depression created jobs that put Texans to work.
Additional Information Works Project Administration (WPA), Public Works Administration (PWA), and Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) put people to work building or improving public buildings such as schools, post offices, hospitals, coliseums, parks, swimming pools, and dams.
Additional Information John Nance Garner ("Cactus Jack") Vice President for Franklin Roosevelt (1933-1941); Speaker of the House of Representatives (1931-1933)
Additional Information Question, Why were so many military installations located in Texas? Answer: Due to Fair climate, frequent clear skies, bountiful resources and a central location made Texas an ideal setting for wartime facilities