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Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction

Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction

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Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction

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  1. Chapter 11. The Civil War and Reconstruction February, 2014 Pg. 109

  2. Reasonsforthe Civil War • Civil War: is a fightbetweendifferentgroups of people in thesame country. • Secede: to leave • Somereasonforthe civil war: • President Lincoln and otherNorthernswanted to endslavery, people in the South saidcotton depended onslavery. Theybelievedthatwithoutcottontheirway of living and culture wouldend. • Southernsbelievedthatthegovernment of the USA didn´thavetheright to tellthemhowtheyshouldlive.

  3. TheSouthernStatesSecede • By March, 1861, sevenSouthernstateshadseceded. Thesesevenstatesformed a new nationscalledtheConfederateStates of America. • TheNorthernstatescalledthemselvestheUnion.

  4. The Civil WarBegins • TherewereUnionfortsonConfederateland, and theSouthernstateswanted to takeovertheforts. Charleston, South Carolina, wanted to takeover Fort Sumter, whichwas in thecity´sharbor. Thesoldiers in thefortwerealmostout of food and water. President Lincoln sentthemsupplies. • The South had to decide, shouldtheConfederatestatesletthemleavethesupplies in orattackthefort. OnApril 12, 1861, cannonsfromthecity of Charleston firedonthefort. Thewarhadbegun.

  5. The South has EarlySuccess and Problems • BoththeUnion and theConfederatestatesthoughtthewarwould be short. Eachthoughttheothersidewouldgive up afteroneortwodefeats, orlosses. Thewarlastedfouryears. • The South won more battles. OnereasonforthiswasthattheSoutherngenerals, such as Robert E. Lee and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, wereverygoodgenerals.

  6. Troops: group of soldiers • Someproblemsthe South hadduringthe Civil War: • Didn´thaveenoughmen to fight. • SomeConfederatetroopsmarchedbarefoot, becausetheycouldnotgetshoes. • Theycouldn´tgetsuppliesfromEuropebecausetheNorthernhad placed warshipsallalongthecoastline of the South. • Southernersalmoststarvedbecause of thetransportationproblems.

  7. Transportation in the South • The South had more transportationproblemsthanthe North. Roads in the South werenot as good as roads in the North. • The South didnothave as manylakes and canalsthatcould be usedforshipping, and mostimportanttheydidnothave as goodrailroadsystem as the North.

  8. TheEmancipationProclamation • In September 1862, theUnionArmydefeatedthe South at theBattle of Antietam in Maryland. TheUnion won, thiswasanimportantvictoryforthem. • OnJanuary 1, 1863, thePresidentsignedtheEmancipationProclamation. ThiswasanorderthatpromisedthatNorthernarmieswould free slaves in theConfederatestates. • TheProclamationalsoorderedthe use of African American troops in theUnionArmy.

  9. A War-WearyLand • OnJuly 1, 1863, a three-daybattlebegan at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Bytheend of thebattle, General Lee´sConfederateArmywasveryweak. • Thefightingcontinuedfortwo more years. ItwasuntilApril 9, 1865, that General Lee surrendered to General Grant. The Civil Warwasfinallyover.

  10. AftertheWar • The Civil Warkeptthe South fromleavingtheUnitedStates. Italsoputanend to slavery, butthousands of Americanshadbeenkilled and wounded. Cities and townswereburned to theground and factories and farmsweredestroyed. • President Lincoln saidthenationwaslike a woundedsoldier. Itswas time “to bind up thenation´swounds”. Bind up means to close.

  11. A Troubled Time • Theyearsbetween 1865 ad 1877 are calledReconstruction. Duringthis time thenationtried to solvetheproblemscreatedbythe Civil War. • President Abraham Licncolndidnotlive to seeReconstruction. Onlyfivedaysafterthewarwasover, Abraham Lincoln wasshot and killed. • TheCongresspassed a lawthatpeoplecouldnot vote orgoverniftheyhadbeenpart of theConfederategovernment.

  12. Free butnotEqual • ThereweremanyproblemsforAfricanAmericansfollowingthewar. Southernersmadelawscalled Black Codes. Theirpurposewas to keepAfricanAmericansfromhavingthesamefreedoms as otherpeople. • AfricanAmericanswerepoor, fewhadmoney to buyland. Many of themwent to workforotherpeople. ManyAfricanAmericansrentedlandfromfarmers. Theywerecalledsharecroppersbecausetheypaidtheirrentwith a share of theircrops.

  13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6cIuFH3KgAM