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los verbos reflexivos n.
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Los verbos reflexivos

Los verbos reflexivos

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Los verbos reflexivos

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  1. Los verbosreflexivos • Objective: • To be able to talk about your daily routine. • Getting ready for a special event.

  2. Reflexive verbs • In this presentation, we are going to look at a special group of verbs called reflexive verbs • Let’s start out by thinking of the English verb to wash. • Conjugate to wash

  3. To wash the Car… • I can wash things that are not part of me. • In Spanish, we say: • Yolavoel carro. The action of the verb goes to the car. Subject: I, Verb: wash Object: car

  4. Now let’s take “lavar” and add “se” to it. It becomes “LAVARSE” which is now reflexive. This “se” attached to the verb indicates that subject and the action are the same. • You can wash yourself or a part of your body: hands, face, hair… • I wash my hands. In Spanish: • Me lavolasmanos. Subject: I, Verb: wash Object: myself

  5. The point is… • If you are washing something that is attached to your body, you need to use reflexive pronouns.

  6. What are the reflexive pronouns?

  7. Let’s conjugate Lavarse The endings are still the same. In this case these are endings for regular “ar” verbs in the present tense.

  8. Afeitarse & acostarse

  9. Notice the placement of the reflexive pronouns in Spanish: Sue bathes herself. reflexive pronoun subject Sue Sue se baña. reflexive pronoun subject

  10. Notice the placement of the reflexive pronouns in Spanish: Joe Joe shaves himself. reflexive pronoun subject Joe se afeita. reflexive pronoun subject

  11. The reflexive pronoun goes before the conjugated verb.

  12. Non-Reflexive: You must conjugate the first verb and you keep the infinitive for the 2nd one. For example: I need to wash the car: Necesitolavar el coche. **When you have two verbs in a sentence. ** Helping Verb + infinitive

  13. 1. If we follow the placement rule from above (Sue se baña), you place the pronoun BEFORE CONJUGATED VERBS. I need to wash my hair. Me necesitolavar el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Se necesitamaquillar. Reflexive:

  14. 2. You can also ATTACH the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. I need to wash my hair. Necesitolavarme el pelo. She needs to put make up on. Necesitamaquillarse.

  15. Keep in mind: Just as you would NEVER write “Yolavar el carro.” You CANNOT write “Yolavarme el pelo” How would you fix “Yolavarme el pelo” based on the two rules? 1. Necesitolavarme el pelo. 2. Me necesitolavar el pelo. Or if you use only one verb, 3. Me lavo el pelo.

  16. Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the CONJUGATED verb OR ATTACHED to the INFINITIVE When you have two verbs next to each other conjugate the first one only. Remember….

  17. Theverbforms are thesame: duermo, duermes, duerme, dormimos, duermen • Thedifference in formistheaddition of thereflexivepronouns: me, te, se, nos, se • Thedifference in meaningis: • Dormir : tosleep • Dormirse : tofallasleep Dormir vs. Dormirse