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Electoral Geography PowerPoint Presentation
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Electoral Geography

Electoral Geography

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Electoral Geography

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  1. Electoral Geography

  2. What Can Electoral Geography Tell Us? Geography of voting-explanation of patterns of voting. Geographic influences on voting-issues, voting for candidates, effects of election campaigns Geography of political parties

  3. History I’ve got an idea. Let’s redraw the boundaries in Massachusetts to benefit… me! • Elbridge Gerry • Governor in Massachusetts(1810-1812) • VP of the United States(1813-1814) • As governor he signs a billthe approves redistrictingMassachusetts to benefit his party!

  4. Looks like a salamander! …no, it looks like a gerry-mander!

  5. Why do we have districts? • Electoral geography • Boundaries within the United States are used to create legislative districts • Reapportionment-Mandated by the Constitution • Redistricting-required by the Supreme Court.

  6. Gerrymandering • Three types: wasted, excess, and stacked vote • Illegal (1985 U.S. Supreme Court decision) • Crack, pack, or stack • Let’s look at some examples.

  7. Wasted Vote- method of spreading opposition voters across many districts as a minority.

  8. Excess Vote- concentrates opposition supporters into a few districts.

  9. Stacked Vote- method of linking distant areas of like-minded voters through creatively shaped boundaries.

  10. Iowa is a state that does not have gerrymandered congressional districts.

  11. Gerrymandering was ruled illegal in 1985 by the US Supreme Court, but didn’t require dismantling of already drawn districts.

  12. http://media.nj.com/ledgerupdates_impact/photo/nj-redistrictingjpg-eb07eb2b26c4e0d9.jpghttp://media.nj.com/ledgerupdates_impact/photo/nj-redistrictingjpg-eb07eb2b26c4e0d9.jpg http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/closing-arguments-set-texas-redistricting-trial-15478338