Practical English Writing Chen Yan
PRACTICAL WRITING • UNIT 1 English Diaries • fine , very fine , rainy, cloudy, snowy, windy, • pretty warm, very hot ,thundering, dense fog, heavy rain, • a little rain, later cloudy, shower
Types of English Diaries • Sample 1 • One of My Sunday • June 12, Sunday Fine • Today is Sunday. I didn’t get up as early as usual. In the morning after I finished my homework, I did some washing. Then I telephoned one of my classmates and invited him to see a film. But unfortunately, when we got to the cinema at 3:00 p.m. , we found all the tickets had been sold out. Then we went back to school and played football. After this we were about to go home, we saw our English teacher ,Mr. Wang, coming into the school gate. He told us we had made great progress in English this term. He also suggested that we should read more and write more in English. We promised him that we would take his advice. In the evening I watched TV. But not long I felt tired, so I went to bed at half past nine.
Sample 2 • A Memorable Day • January 1st,2000 Saturday Very Fine • Today is the first day of 2000. how time. It seemed only a couple of months ago that we celebrated New Year’s Day of 1999. it’s really funny to think how long a year seemed to me when I was a child. I am by no means old yet, and I wonder how short a year will seem to me when I am really old. As short as only one single day perhaps. • I’m trying to think what important things have taken place in the past year. For our Party there was the 4th Plenary Session of the 15th central committee; for our country we had the 50th anniversary of the National Day and Macao has returned to its homeland with its native name Aomen. • Now, standing on the threshold of the 21st century, reviewing the past we have achieved great success without precedents in history; looking forward to the future, we, especially young people will have brilliant prospects with the socialist country becoming stronger and stronger.
Sample 3 • October 10, 1986 Friday Fine • Young People always show great respect to film stars and think it a pleasure to meet them. So do I. • when I heard that several other students and I were invited to help make a film, I was so excited and anxious. Early in the morning, we set off, and were taken to the Tiger Spring. • It was a beautiful autumn day. The leaves were turning yellow, beginning to fall off the tree. The park seemed very quiet. It was a golden opportunity for me to see how a film is made. And I could relax myself, escaping from the tense life at school. But I was soon proved wrong. For nearly two hours, I had to make up and wait for my turn. And to our discouragement, we were not allowed to go about. I saw the actors and actresses acting out the same scene again and again. Finally, my time came, I was asked to play the role of a maid. But looking around, I realized that I was going to be under the strong lime light. To tell you the truth, I kept trembling. • “
“Once more. Just take it easy.” the director called. • But I just couldn’t take it easy. An hour passed and then two. I got tired and a little impatient, but I had to repeat. • “Attention, please,” came the director’s voice, softly but firmly, now and then. • “Never imagine being a film star is that difficult!” I cried out when we were having lunch. • “Young girls,” the director caught what said and came up to us with a smile. He patted me friendly on the shoulder.” ”Remember to do everything well, you must keep on pursuing, and always be confident. “ • I’d learned more in two hours than I had in two years.
Sample 4 • July 7-----Saturday----Cloudy and Hot • Thank God everything is over! Had our last exam paper this afternoon. Went straight from school to the canal to have a dip. Wasn’t at all refreshing as I had hoped . Water much too warm and dirty and the place almost as crowded as a swimming pool. A lot of hooligans about too, making a hell lot of noise, splashing water and insulting girls with foul language. How I wished I had the martial skill to beat up every one of them and give them a thorough ducking! It is after all a social problem, though things are getting better since the crackdown on crimes. • What made me even more mad was to see Fatty mixing among them. He’ll end up in no good in such company. I must have a talk with him sometime.
Why don’t they ever do anything about our school pool? Pity allowing it lying waste for God Knows how many years. Used to hold memorial races every year too. Now suddenly swimming is no longer important. The pool has become a dumping ground. I’m sure a little repair work can revive it. All we need is one or two technicians and we students can do the rest. But no, no one can be bothered! Why do we always do things in fits and starts? • spent the evening watching TV. As luck would have it, there wasn’t a single interesting program. There were so many interesting things on when we had our review and exams. To make things worse the set gave us a lot of trouble. The image was not at all clear and is kept jumping. Gave me quite a headache. We really need a new set.
UNIT 2Written Messages and Requests for Leave • 2.1 Written Message • It is used on the occasion where and when you yourself directly leave for something to be done or for someone to do something. • Writing Practice • Suppose you are Li Ming. One of your neighbors to further his studies abroad asks you to help him write a letter of enquiry. You have to borrow the book A Handbook of Practical English Writing from your teacher Jiang He. But when you call on him, he is out. Write a note to him telling your purpose. Time: 4:00 p.m., December 10. • Message note for borrowing things借物留言
4:00 p.m., December 10 • Dear Mr. Jiang, • May I borrow your A Handbook of Practical English Writing for one day or two? I want to use it as a reference book to write a letter of enquiry for one of my neighbors who is going to further studies abroad but does not know how to write such a letter. If you can spare me it, please bring it to me tomorrow when you come to the classroom. Many thanks. • Yours ever, • Li Ming
2.2 Written Requests for Leave • When you write a note asking for leave, you should make clear why you want to ask for leave and how long you will ask for. You should write such a note in a simple way, and you must give sufficient reasons. If you have something to prove your reasons to leave, you should enclose it herewith. • Writing Practice • Suppose you are Zhao Qiang. You have caught a cold because you swam in the lake yesterday. Write a note asking for leave. Your head teacher is Mr. Chen.
September 28 Dear Mr. Chen, I’m sorry to tell you that I can’t go to classes today. I’ve caught a cold because I swam in the lake yesterday. This morning I had a headache. I saw a doctor. After taking my temperature, the doctor told me that I had a high fever. He advised me to stay in bed for two days. Now I’m writing to you to ask for two day’s sick leave including today and tomorrow. Yours respectfully, Zhao Qiang
UNIT 3 Signs • Signs have the functions of propaganda ,information, suggestion and caution. • signs in the service industry • Signs • signs in public facilities • features: succinct ;informative
Hotels and Hostels 旅店宾馆 • Booking made through most travel agents • 可通过各地旅游代理商定票 • Centrally located overlooking a park with free parking • 市区中心，紧靠公园，免费停车 • Equipped and furnished to a high standard • 家具配备高档，设施配备精良 • Friendly family guest house near city center and railway station • 家庭式客房，紧靠市中心和火车站 • Full central heating with house provided hot water 24 hours • 中央暖气系统，房间24小时提供热水 • Indoor swimming pool • 室内游泳池
Shave pins in all bedrooms • 所有卧室备有刮脸刀/脱发器插头 • Tea/coffee making facility in all bedrooms • 所有卧室有沏茶和煮咖啡的条件。 • This offer is available for all stays to October 31, 2003 • 对截至2003年10月31日的住宿实行优惠 • Warm, friendly service in a comfortable home • 热情友好的服务，舒适温馨的家 • Price according to season and size of flat. • 价格按季节和公寓大小而定。 .
Restaurant and Pub 餐馆酒吧 • Please wait here or take advantage until our hostess escorts to your table. • 请稍等或自便，主人会领你入座。 • Take away service available • 提供外卖 • Today's special/Today's specialties • 今日特色菜 • Try our summer range of food • 品尝夏季各种食品 • Drinks purchased are for taken away only • 饮料仅供外卖 • Eat in or take away • 店内吃或外卖
Purchases and Sales • 15% off with this flyer • 凭此宣传品优惠15% • 50% off on selected lines • 部分商品降半价 • Accessories & spares delivered to your door • 配件送货上门 • All the range of … available • 各种……有货 • As many repairs as you need, free of charge • 随时免费维修 • Ask at the counter for details • 详情问柜台 • Ask inside for details • 详情里面询问
Best choice and best discounts • 最佳选择，最大优惠 • Big sale • 大甩卖 • Brighter shopping, brighter prices • 明智的购物，透明的价格 • Buy any two together and save 10% off both products • 一次性买俩，每个优惠10％ • Buy two get one free • 买二赠一 • Children‘s wear • 童装 • Savings and discounts all around the store • 店内所有商品均削价处理
Customer services • 顾客服务处 • Easy to use and great value too • 好用实惠，物美价廉 • Fill in your selection here and take to a pay point • 在此选购商品填单，然后到收款台付款。 • Final clear out • 清仓大甩卖 • For more information，contact our customer service desk • 详情请和顾客服务处联系。 • Services as usual • 照常营业
Free delivery to your door • 免费送货上门 • Furniture sale now on • 家具现降价销售 • Half price sale • 半价甩卖 • Hours of opening • 营业时间 • Massive stock, clear out • 大量库存，清仓甩卖 • Open for business as usual • 照常营业 • Opening soon • 即将开业
We can provide the complete hospitality service • 我们提供热情周到的服务。 • Out of hours, delivery at … • 下班时，送货到…… • Peace of mind from the minute you buy • 买着放心 • Please ask for assistance • 需帮助请询问 • Please check your change before leaving the checkout area • 请当面点清。 • Please retain this receipt as proof of your purchase and your guarantee • 请保存好收据，作为交款凭证，并享受保修。 • Please leave bags at the counter • 请把包放到柜台
Price crash • 削价 • Sale 50% off original price • 按原价的50%销售 • Sale at breakdown price • 跳楼价甩卖 • Sale continues in store • 商品继续销价 • Save up to 50% off 50％ • 大降价 • Save up to 40% • 6折优惠 • Save your money • 贱卖
Special offer • 特价 • 50% discount on selected items • 部分商品五折 • Summer price cuts. • 夏季大削价 • Thank you for your custom • 感谢您惠顾光临 • Try before you buy • 先试后买 • We will not be beaten on price • 我们的价格最低。
Theatre and Cinema • All prices quoted include any service charges applicable • 票价包括一定的服务费。 • All sessions last for approximately 1 hour. • 演出大约1小时 • Booking Office • 售票处 • Booking by post, phone, fax or e-mail or in person • 可通过邮寄，打电话，发传真或发电子邮件或亲自定票
Booking can be made through … on … • 可打电话 ……通过……定票 • Concessions • 优惠 • No booking fee • 不收定票费 • Performance times • 演出时间 • Previews • 预演 • Regular price • 普通票价 • Special reductions are available to groups 12+ at all performances. • 所有演出对12人以上的团体给予特别优惠。
The performance runs 2 hours 30 minutes including an interval • 整个演出2小时30分，包括中间休息 • The price shown on the ticket includes ticket price and service charges • 票上的价格包括票价和服务费。 • This ticket will not be exchanged nor the purchase price refunded • 票不可交换，也不能按购买价退票。 • Tickets are subject to availability. • 票在销售，售完为止 • Tickets available from all accredited ticket agents • 可在所有的指定的代理商买到票
Public Places • Central heating throughout. • 中央暖气全部开放 • Do not enter, alarm operating • 装有警报，禁止入内。 • Do not put (place) bicycles against the railings • 请不要把自行车靠到栏杆上。 • Do not use this lift as a means of escape in the event of fire • 遇火警时，严禁使用此电梯 • Fire construction points to note • 注意消防设施 • Fire door, keep shut • 消防门房，保持关闭 • Fire escape to be clear of obstruction. • 安全出口，保持通畅
Fire escape, asked to be cleared off obstruction. • 安全出口，请保持通畅 • Fire escape, keep clear • 安全出口，保持通畅 • Fire exit only • 仅作火警安全出口 • Footpath closed. • 步行路关闭 • For public use • 公用 • Free of charge • 免费 • Fully air conditioned • 空调全面开放
Gates in use night & day • 此门昼夜使用 • Gents • 男厕 • Lavatories • 厕所 • Leave by entrance door • 请不要堵住门口 • Man's lavatory • 男厕所 • Men • 男厕 • No admittance • 禁止入内 • No bathing, fishing allowed in this pond • 此池塘禁止游泳，垂钓 • No bicycles, police will remove • 禁止停放自行车，否则警察拖走。 • No charge • 不收费
No entry for general public • 公众不得入内 • No unauthorized access prohibited • 未经许可，禁止入内。 • No unauthorized entry • 未经许可，不得入内 • No way out • 无出口 • Non-smokers only • 仅供非吸烟者 • Obstruction of the door can be dangerous. • 门口堵塞，危险 • Open all year daily • 全年每天开放 • Open all year round/ Open all year • 全年开放 • Open daily • 每天开放
Open to the public on selected days only • 仅限规定的日期，对公众开放。 • Opening hours: • 开放/开门/营业时间: • Particulars of membership • 会员优先 • Pick pockets operate in this area • 本区域内注意小偷 • Please do not chain bicycles to these railings • 请不要把自行车锁到栏杆上。 • Please do not lean on these barriers • 请不要靠防护栏。 • Police notice: bicycles will be removed • 警察特别提示：自行车将被清走。
Please do not leave rubbish here • 请不要在此倒垃圾。 • Please do not obstruct entrance • 请不要堵住入口。 • Please feel free to smoke in the lounge. • 休息室允许吸烟 • Please keep clear of the door • 请保持门口畅通。 • Please telephone for opening times and admission charges • 打电话询问开放时间和门票价格。 • Please use other doors • 请走其它门 • Please use yours with consideration for others. • 请在你使用时，也为别人着想。
Private function only • 只供私人使用 • Public toilet • 公厕 • Unauthorized posters and advertisements will be persecuted • 未经允许，禁止张贴广告，否则追究责任。 • Under repair, do not operate • 正在修理，不能使用。 • Unisex toilet • 男女公厕 • Use of emergency alarm • 用于报警 • Useful numbers: • 常用电话号码 • Waiting room and ladies • 女厕 • Way out • 出口
Tube and Train • After 21:00 hours access to London underground station. • 21:00以后，开往伦敦地铁站。 • Certain stations are closed on public holidays. • 假日某些车站关闭 • From … to … route … • 从……到……途经…… • Luggage must not be put in the gateway • 行李不准放到过道上。 • Mind the gap • 小心台阶间跨度 • Not valid on certain trains. • 车票对某些列车无效
Please keep gateways clear • 请保持过道畅通。 • Single or return tickets only • 单程或往返程票 • Stand clear of the door • 请不要站在门口。 • The last train this evening will be the service to … • 今晚最后一列火车是到…… • Ticket valid until 30 June 2003. • 车票有效期到2003年6月30日。 • Train departure • 出站列车 • Tube to … • 地铁开往
Road and Traffic • Avoid the jams. • 避免交通堵塞。 • Diverted traffic • 交叉路口 • Entry to motorway • 高速入口 • Left junction • 左交叉口 • Look left (right) • 向左（右）看。
New hours of parking control • 停车控制新时段 • No entry • 禁止驶人 • No stopping at any time • 任何时间不准停车 • No trade or business vehicle unless authorized • 未经允许货车禁止通行。 • Pedestrian crossing ahead • 注意前方人行横道。
Please drive carefully • 请小心驾驶。 • Slow， school • 前方学校请慢行。 • Speed limit of 48kmh • 限速每小时48公里 • The law requires you wear a seatbelt • 法规要求系安全带。 • This vehicle stops frequently • 随时停车
Construction Site • Danger of death. Keep out. • 生命危险，严禁入内。 • Danger，building site, keep out • 工地危险，禁止入内。 • Danger，evacuation • 危险,请走开 • Dangerous structure, this bridge is unsafe • 危险结构，该桥不安全。 • Hot work in progress • 正在施工
Safety footwear. • 穿安全靴 • Safety helmets must be worn on this site • 此工地必须戴安全帽。 • Site entrance, dangerous • 工地入口，危险 • Slow, site entrance • 工地入口请慢行 • This button has been moved for remedial work • 该按钮已卸下拿去修理。 • This is just for construction personnel • 仅供施工人员使用。
4 IOUs and Receipts • 4.1What is an IOU? • An IOU, which can be in written or verbal form, is an informal acknowledgement of a small debt, usually between friends, co-workers or family members. debtor debtee IOU I owe you…
4.2 What is a receipt? • A receipt is a written acknowledgement that a specified article or sum of money has been received as an exchange. • Printed receipt • Gift receipt • Electronic receipt • Hand-written receipt
Hand-written or hand-completed receipts are more often used for infrequent or irregular transactions. For example, as provided by a landlord to a tenant for receipt of rent money.
5 Notices and Posters • Features :simple sentence; elliptical sentence; abbreviation 5.1 Notices • A notice is a practical writing which is largely used in collective units when a higher level assigns work or passes on something to a lower level, or an organization does so to its members to discuss things. • Oral announcement • Written notice
Writing practice • Suppose you’re Chairman of your department student union. After the second class, you want to make an announcement on broadcast, informing the students of three things: • (1) Tomorrow afternoon you’ll listen to a report on environment protection given by an expert in the hall at 4 o’clock. • (2) For this week’s political study we’ll learn the law of environmental protection. • (3) The day after tomorrow there’ll be a football match between your class and (07)36.
An Announcement • Boys and girls, • May I have your attention please! I’ve a few things to tell you. • Tomorrow afternoon there will be a report on environmental • protection given by an expert in the hall at 4 o’clock. • For this week’s political study we’ll learn the law of environmental protection. • One more thing: the day after tomorrow there’ll be a football match between our class and Class (07)36. let’s go and cheer for them. • That’s all. Thank you.
Writing practice • Suppose you’re Chairman of Student’s Union in your college. In order to improve your English studies you’ve decided to hold an • English evening. Now write a notice to inform all the students and teachers of your college about the things concerning the evening.
Nov.16, 2007 • Notice • To improve our English studies an English evening is going to be held in our college meeting-hall from 7:00 to 10:00 p.m. next Friday. You will enjoy English stories, songs, poems and short plays at the evening. • All the teachers and students are welcome to attend the English evening. We hope all of you will like the performance. • Student’s Union
5.2 Posters • They are placards used to inform people of sports • and stage activities. • Posters are diversified. They cover sports matches, • film news, recreational activities, sightseeing, learned reports, and lectures etc.
Writing practice • Write a poster of basketball match between Shenyang Team • and Shanghai Team on behalf of the Physical Culture and Sports Commission of your university. Time:Nov.11,2007 at 3:00 p.m.; • place: The University Stadium