Introduction to grammar September 2011. Kindly contributed by Christine Greenhill. PPDG (PertempsPeople Development Group), Redditch Search for Christine on www.skillsworkshop.org Visit the download page for this resource to find related resources and full details of the curriculum links below. Adult literacy (ESOL) curriculum elements Ws/E2.2 (E2.2a) Use adjectives (a) Understand that adjectives extend the information in sentences, by providing some detail about a noun Rs/E3.1 Recognise and understand the organisational features and typical language of instructional texts (c) Know and use the term verb and understand its importance as an essential feature of a sentence which conveys the action Rs/E3.2 (E3.1b) Use implicit and explicit knowledge of different types of word (e.g. linking words [connectives], nouns, verbs, adjectives), of word order, and of possible plausible meanings, to help decode unfamiliar words and predict Reference: Excellence Gateway (2009), Skills for Life, Core Curriculum http://www.excellencegateway.org.uk/sflcurriculum
Introduction to Grammar By Christine Greenhill
Aims of the session: • To understand simple grammatical terms
Learning outcomes: • All learners will: • Identify and give an example of a noun • Identify and give an example of a verb • Identify and give an example of an adjective • Some learners will: • Identify the subject of a sentence
Look at this sentence: • The baker burnt the bread. • There are 2 nouns in this sentence: • baker • bread • Nouns are objects, you can put “the” or “a/an” in front of them
Look at this sentence: • The baker burnt the bread. • There is one verb in this sentence: • burnt • A VERB is an action, often called a “doing” word
Look at this sentence: • The baker burnt the bread. • If we wanted to make this sentence more descriptive, we could add some words to describe the baker and the bread: • Eg. The tall, dark-haired baker burnt the wholemeal bread. • “tall” “dark-haired” and “wholemeal” are ADJECTIVES. They describe a noun, or object.
Remember: • A NOUN is an object • A VERB is an action • An ADJECTIVE is a describing word, used to describe a noun
Now have a go at these: • crusty I ate a crusty roll
Now have a go at these: • doughnut I like jam doughnuts.
Now have a go at these: • bake I bake cakes.
Now have a go at these: • cheesecake This cheesecake is delicious.
Now have a go at these: • wholemeal Wholemeal bread is healthy.
Now have a go at these: • cook I like to cook evening meals.
Now have a go at these: • roll I ate a roll for my lunch.
Now have a go at these: • burn I always burn my toast.
Now have a go at these: • granary Do you like granary bread?
Now have a go at these: • eat I like to eat cake for dessert.