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China’s Family Planning Policy

China’s Family Planning Policy

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China’s Family Planning Policy

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  1. China’s Family Planning Policy Dixon High School Seminar

  2. History of China’s One Child Policy • Established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. • Although designated a "temporary measure," it continues a over three decades after its establishment. • The policy limits couples to one child. • Fines, pressures to abort a pregnancy, and even forced sterilization accompanied second or subsequent pregnancies.

  3. Exception to the Rule • It is not an all-encompassing rule because it has always been restricted to ethnic Han Chinese living in urban areas. • Citizens living in rural areas and minorities living in China are not subject to the law.

  4. Effects on Population • Its been estimated to have reduced population growth in the country of 1.3 billion by as much as 300 million people over its first twenty years.

  5. Boys vs Girls • This rule has caused a disdain for female infants; abortion, neglect, abandonment, and even infanticide have been known to occur to female infants. • The result of such Draconian family planning has resulted in the disparate ratio of 114 males for every 100 females among babies from birth through children four years of age. • Normally, 105 males are naturally born for every 100 females.

  6. Recent Effects • Now that millions of sibling-less people in China are now young adults in or nearing their child-bearing years, a special provision allows millions of couples to have two children legally. • If a couple is composed of two people without siblings, then they may have two children of their own, thus preventing too dramatic of a population decrease. • Although IUDs, sterilization, and abortion (legal in China) are China's most popular forms of birth control, over the past few years, China has provided more education and support for alternative birth control methods.

  7. Recent Effects • Statistically, China's total fertility rate (the number of births per woman) is 1.7 • Much higher than slowly-declining Germany at 1.4 • Lower than the U.S. at 2.1 • 2.1 births per woman is the replacement level of fertility, representing a stable population, exclusive of migration.

  8. Recent Effects • In 2007, there were reports that in the southwestern Guangxi Autonomous Region of China, officials were forcing pregnant women without permission to give birth to have abortions and levying steep fines on families violating the law. • As a result, riots broke out and some may have been killed, including population control officials.

  9. The Future of China's One Child Law The following is from an article in China Daily on 12/20/2010. BEIJING- China will keep its family planning policy largely the same for the next five years, said Li Bin, director of the National Population and Family Planning Commission, in an interview with Xinhua Monday. Keeping the birth rate low is still the priority given the country's large population and relatively scarce natural resources, she said. Li said the policy would include more incentives, such as government subsidies for families who abide by the policy.

  10. The Future of China's One Child Law Article Continued China has a migrant population of over 200 million, most being born after 1980s and now entering child-bearing age. Li said each locality should provide migrant groups with access to free contraceptive services and reproductive health checks. She said the rapidly aging population and sharp sex imbalance among newborns favoring boys were just some of the population challenges China would face in the near future. In the next five years, China's urban population is set to overtake its rural population due to massive rural-to-urban migration.

  11. Sources • http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/onechild.htm • http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-12/20/content_11729781.htm