Origins • Thousands of orphans as result of war with USSR • Grow up in Pakistan • Never knew parents • Raised in Madras's (Paid for by Saudi’s) • Raised to hate and fight “Jihad” • Sunni Muslims
Rise of the Taliban • Taliban means “One who seeks knowledge” • Goal to restore peace, enforce “Sharia law” • Years of civil war • 1.5 million deaths • Citizens desperate for stability • Taliban seem like good choice
Mullah Omar • Leader of the Taliban • Fought against USSR
Taliban view of Women • Fully covered • Not allowed to work • Do not leave house w/o male relative
Women Continued • Banished women from the work force • Closed schools to girls and women and expelled women from universities • Prohibited women from leaving their homes unless accompanied by a close male relative • Ordered the publicly visible windows of women's houses painted black and forced women to wear the burqa (or chadari) - which completely shrouds the body, leaving only a small mesh-covered opening through which to see • Prohibited women and girls from being examined by male physicians while at the same time prohibited female doctors and nurses from working
Women Continued • Taliban Reality for Women and Girls • A woman who defied Taliban orders by running a home school for girls was killed in front of her family and friends. • A woman caught trying to flee Afghanistan with a man not related to her was stoned to death for adultery. • An elderly woman was brutally beaten with a metal cable until her leg was broken because her ankle was accidentally showing from underneath her burqa. • Women and girls died of curable ailments because male doctors were not allowed to treat them. • Two women accused of prostitution were publicly hung.
Downfall • US invasion following 9/11 • Refusal to give up Osama Bin Laden • Currently regrouping and regaining territory in parts of Afghanistan
War in Afghanistan • Begins on October 11th 2001 • Response to 9/11 • Capture and remove Al Qaeda and Taliban • Currently 50,590 US troops • 89,000+ total UN troops from 42 countries
Taliban Today • Control large portions of country (rural) • Same thing happens to USSR • Soviets control cities • Insurgents control rural areas • Who won
Opium Trade • Taliban originally against opium production • Now use it to finance war on terror
Current Trends in Afghanistan • Foreign Business fades • Lack of social services (schooling, health care, and security)
Essay Questions • 1. Why do they (meaning the Taliban) not want girls to go to school • 2. Put yourself into this girls situation. Would you go to school under this threat? Why or why not?