U.S.-Mexico 21st Century Border Initiative Roger Petzold Federal Highway Administration Border & Interstate Team
Expediting Legitimate Trade and Travel “Our shared border must be an engine, and not a brake, on our economic growth.” President Obama, with President Calderon, May 19, 2010
US – Mexico Border The U.S-Mexico border extends 1,954 miles. There are 45 active land border POEs and 9 international railroad crossings on the southern border. Background
Joint Declaration on 21st Century Border Management • In May 2010, the United States and Mexico affirmed the importance of our shared border by issuing a Joint Declaration on 21st Century Border Management • Fundamentally restructure the way we manage the border to encourage: • increased trade, • enhance public safety, • welcome visitors, and • reduce the cost of doing business in North America.
U.S./Mexico Executive Steering Committee • The United States and Mexico created a bilateral working group, the Executive Steering Committee –(ESC),. • The ESC is chaired on the U.S. side by the National Security Council Staff and Mexico by Presidentia • Three ESC sub-committees separately address: • Border Infrastructure; • Law Enforcementand Security Issues; • Secure Flowof goods and peopleacross the border.
Executive Steering Committee 21st Century Border 21st Century Border Agreement 2013 Action Plan
Water Management 21st Century Border Management IPC NSS DHS, DOT, DOD, DOJ, USDA, State, Commerce, GSA, OMB, ONDCP NALS Info exchange & liaison Border Environment U.S./Mexico Merida coordination process Emergency Management Infrastructure Planning State-DHS DOT, GSA, Commerce, EPA Secure Flows DHS State, Commerce, USDA, DOJ, DOT, USTR, IC, GSA Corridor Security DHS-DOJ DOD, ONDCP, IC, State Binational Bridges and Border Crossings Group US/Mexico Joint Working Committee for Transportation Planning (JWC) Local binational coordination mechanisms and arrangements, Draft paper being developed (e.g., Bi-national Port Security Committees or Border Liaison Mechanisms)
Secure Flows • Border wait time studies in the El Paso-Juarez area • Construction of new cattle inspection facilities • Continued improving risk management and targeting cooperation • Increase the enrollment of Mexican and U.S. citizens in the Global Entry Program, • Establish a pilot pre-inspection pilot at Otay Mesa and a pre-screening pilot at the Laredo Airport. • implement lane segregation strategies • Others 2013 Achievements
Corridor Security • Developed an investigative strategy that encourages increased intelligence-driven investigations • Continued to implement the Border Violence Prevention Protocols (BVPPs) • Identifying criminal networks of organizations that participate in firearms, drugs and bulk cash trafficking, • Identified ways to improve collaboration on the identification and investigation of cross-border tunnels. • Produced a joint study that assesses firearms and explosives trafficking • Other 2013 Achievements
Infrastructure 2013 Achievements • Support the San Diego-Tijuana Airport cross-border facility. • Support the Regional Border Master Planning processes • Support the Border Liaison Mechanism • Participation in the Binational Bridges and Border Crossings Meetings and the Joint Working Committee on Border Transportation meetings. • Through the Joint Working Committee, study the impact of Border Transportation on Air Quality at the border. • Continued to support efforts by California and Baja California to conclude the financial studies for construction of the Otay II – East Otay Mesa border crossing. • Support the construction of the West Rail Bypass project between Brownsville, Texas and Matamoros, Tamaulipas. • Advanced the San Ysidro-Tijuana port of entry expansion project • Additional Project Specific monitoring
High Level Economic Dialog (HLED) • May 2013, President Obama and President Peña Nieto announced • Advance strategic economic and commercial priorities • 1. Promoting Competitiveness and Connectivity (Transportation, Telecommunications) • 2. Fostering Economic Growth, Productivity, Entrepreneurship, and Innovation (Joint investment promotion, Making effective use of the North American Development Bank (NADB), Entrepreneurship) • 3. Partnering for Regional and Global Leadership (Partnering to promote development in Central America, Transparency and anti-corruption)
HLED - Transportation • ITS • Border Wait Time • Electronic Tolling • Short Sea Shipping/Marine Highway • Commercial Motor Vehicle Cooperation • Freight and Corridor Planning
U.S./ Mexico Joint WorkingCommittee for Transportation • Originated in 1994 via MOU • Coordinates Transportation Planning • Chaired by FHWA/SCT and formed of Federal and State partners • Twin goals of communication and coordination • Biennial Work Plans
Biennial Work Plan Efforts • Regional Border Master Plans • Border Modeling Peer Exchange (Nov. 4-5, 2014) • Border Finance Workshop (May 23, 2013) • Border Wait Time Pilots (10) • Corridor/Logistics Studies
For more information Sylvia Grijalva US/Mexico Border Planning Coordinator Federal Highway Administration Office of Planning Border and Interstate Planning Team 602-510 7986 Sylvia.Grijalva@dot.gov The JWC website: www.borderplanning.fhwa.dot.gov/mexico.asp
THANK YOU ! Roger Petzold Office Of Planning Border &Interstate Planning Team Federal Highway Administration.
U.S./Mexico 21stCentury Border Initiative Roger Petzold Federal Highway Administration Oct. 23, 2013