The American Revolution A quick review
Nathan Hale Molly Pitcher Lexington & Concord Valley Forge George Washington James Armistead Lafayette Bunker Hill Ben Franklin Peter Francisco Battle of Long Island T. Paine General John Burgoyne Trenton & Princeton Battle of Yorktown Marquis de Lafayette General Cornwallis Battle of Saratoga Treaty of Paris
Nathan Hale • American spy who said, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.”
George Washington • Commander of all U.S. forces
Ben Franklin • Signed the Declaration of Independence. • Persuaded France to become our ally. • Helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris.
T. Paine • Wrote “Common Sense” and “American Crisis”. • summer soldier and sunshine patriot
Marquis de Lafayette • French nobleman who became Washington’s trusted aide.
Molly Pitcher • Helped American soldiers by carrying water.
James Armistead Lafayette • Slave and American spy who helped G.W. by spying on Cornwallis. • He was given his freedom after the war.
Peter Francisco • Washington called him a “One-man army”.
General John Burgoyne • British general that surrendered at the Battle of Saratoga. • “Gentleman Johnny”
General Cornwallis • British general that surrendered at Yorktown (1781)
Lexington & Concord • 1775 • First battle of the Revolution • “Shot heard ‘round the world”
Battle of Bunker Hill • 1775 • Technically a British victory but showed Americans could fight. • “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes.”
Battle of Long Island • 1776 • Big defeat for G.W. • British captured New York city.
Trenton & Princeton • 1776 • G.W.’s sneak attack on Christmas night 1776. • These battles encouraged American soldiers.
Battle of Saratoga • 1777 • Turning point of the Revolution. • Convinced France to become our ally.
Valley Forge • 1777-78 • Brutal winter of 1777-78 for G.W. and his men. • “These are the times that try men’s souls…”
Battle of Yorktown • 1781 • Final major battle of the Revolution. • Cornwallis was trapped on Yorktown peninsula. • French fleet helped trap Cornwallis
Treaty of Paris • 1783 • Treaty that ended the Revolution. • British gave the U.S. all land up to the Mississippi River.