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Energy Balance Equation

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Energy Balance Equation

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  1. Energy Balance Equation Discover the right amount of calories that you need every day

  2. Energy • Energy is another way of saying fuel, just like the fuel source of a car is gasoline. • The fuel source (energy source) for the body is calories and we acquire these calories through food and drinks.

  3. Healthy Eating • Use moderation • Avoid fats (butter, oils, sugars, trim fat) • Avoid fast food – greasy • Limit carbohydrates later in the day • Eat from all food groups • Limit frying your food – use cooking spray (steam your food, BBQ, bake, boil, microwave)

  4. Energy Intake/Expenditure • Energy intake is the amount of calories that we consume throughout the day. • Energy expenditure is the amount of calories that we use throughout the day (metabolism & physical activity)

  5. Energy Balance Scale: Positive, Negative or Nil

  6. Positive Energy Balance • Positive energy balance occurs if the amount of calories (cal) eaten is higher than the amount of calories burned • Results in weight gain

  7. Negative Energy Balance • Negative energy balance occurs when more calories are burned than the number of calories which are eaten • Results in weight loss

  8. Nil Energy Balance (equal/equal) • Weight maintenance is achieved by burning the same amount of calories that are eaten throughout the day

  9. Energy Balance Chart

  10. Energy Expenditure • Energy expenditure : is a combination of the number of calories that are used during physical activity and the amount of calories that are used during rest, or periods of non activity.

  11. Different Levels of Activity