Names Common name: GHB(Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid) Chemical Name: 4-Hydroxybutanoic acid chemical formula: C4H8O3 Other names or street names for GHB include Easy Lay, Georgia Home Boy, Scoop, Date Rape Drug, Liquid Ecstasy, or Liquid X. It has a clear, colorless, and odorless appearance.
GBH is classified as a carboxylic acid and a Depressant of the Central Nervous System. It causes nausea, unconsciousness, hallucinations, etc. it is a powerful and rapid central nervous system depressant Schedule I controlled substance meaning that it isn’t accepted for medical use in the United States and has a high potential for substance abuse. GHB products were Schedule III Xyrem: treat patients with narcolepsy, a sleeping disorder. Classification
History First introduced in France between 1960 -1963: popular anesthetic during surgery. During the 1970s: popular in clinical trials involving patients with narcolepsy, a sleeping disorder. In the 1980s: GHB was sold legally at health food stores and gyms as a fat burner and muscle developer due to the stimulation of growth hormones it provided. January 21, 1999: the FDA banned GHB anywhere within the United States.
Production Manufactured illegally in any chemical laboratories or even in homes. It is then taken and sold on the black market or locally on streets. GHB is extremely popular at raves or parties in clubs. According to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, “more than 30 million Americans aged 12 or older have used a sedative/tranquilizer, a category that includes GHB, for non-medical reasons at least once in their lifetime.”
Users The 2009 American Association of Poison Control Centers report indicates that GHB accounted for 448 case mentions and 297 single exposures. Include people who attend clubs or raves and even sexual predators. GHB is colorless and odorless so therefore the person wouldn’t even be able to detect it in their drink. Bodybuilders and athletes. Frequent travelers.
Affects Mixed with another liquid substance such as alcohol or water. Swallowed in the form of a tablet or a powdered substance when mixed with a liquid. In the Brain: acts as a depressant and includes effects such as drowsiness, euphoria, memory impairment, and confusion Body: unconsciousness, slowed breathing and heart rate, seizures, comas, and even death in some cases. Physical Addiction: if used continuously for weeks it may become addictive but has low potential. Psychological Addiction : greater potential for addiction due to the euphoric state that it puts the user in.
Risks Damage multiple bodily organs such as the kidneys, livers, and the heart. Tremors and seizures. Slurred speech and difficulty thinking. Average LD50 for GHBis 12 grams of GHB per kilogram of body weight.
Detection Hair analysis can be used to determine whether GHB is in the system. 19 year old girl whose hair roots helped find GHB. police waited a month for her hair to grow and then after analysis found traces of GHB and along with other evidence the perpetrator was sent to prison. That identify traces of GHB because it metabolizes into the body quickly, but if done in time urine and blood tests will show GHB in the system.
Consequences Any person within possession of GHB is subject to criminal charges ranging from possession, possession for sale, or poisoning to even manslaughter and homicide. Illegal possessions may result in fines over $500 and time in prison pending on the severity of the case. There are many treatment programs where the patient goes through a medically-supervised detox and given medication if necessary. A common withdrawal symptom that occurs in a rise in blood pressure where medication is used to help the spikes in the blood pressure.
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