Augustus Caesar By Mickey Carboni Period 2
Historical/Biblical Significance • Augustus was convinced that belief in the old gods had made Rome great. • He encourage his subjects to return to the worship of these gods, doing so, Augustus had restored eighty-two temples in Rome alone. • He became the Pontifex Maximus (highest priest) in the state cult.
Background Information • 68 B.C. - A.D. 14 • He was first Roman emperor (born Gaius Octavius), is the son of Gaius Octavius, and Atia, Julius Caesar's niece. • He was adopted by his great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar in 44 B.C. • Marcus Antonius (Anthony), had married Augustus sister, Octavia, and left her for Cleopatra.
Myths and Stories • “Returning now to the beginning of the story, there is no record of Caesar Augustus' decree that ‘all the world should be enrolled’ (Luke 2:1). The Romans kept extremely detailed records of such events. Not only is Luke's census not in these records, it goes against all that we know of Roman economic history…”
Myths and Stories (Cont.) • “…In Josephus' account of the Roman census in 6 C.E., he writes that those people taxed were assessed of their possessions, including lands and livestock. But Luke has Joseph and Mary making a three-day journey, away from their home and possessions in Nazareth, to register in their alleged ancestral home in Bethlehem.” • Meaning that there should be people of the court that will come to your house and keep a recording list of what you own and have taxes paid on them.
Symbols • The Sphinx was the personal symbol of Augustus, and he used it on his seal ring.
Strengths • He was very daring and influential. • He left most of his estate to his soldiers in his army. • He was a benevolent dictator.
Weaknesses • He worshiped the Pagan Roman gods. • He allowed himself to be worshiped as a god. • His ego.
Quote from Macbeth • “There is none but he Whose being I do fear, and under him My genius is rebuked, as it is said Mark Antony’s was by Caesar.” • “Around him, my guardian angel is frightened, just as Mark Antony’s angel supposedly feared Octavius Caesar.” • Meaning that Macbeth fears Banquo will kill him for his sons to be of throne. Mark Anthony was killed by Caesar.
Works Cited • http://formerthings.com/augustus.htm • http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95sep/augustus.html • http://romancoins.tripod.com/augustus.html • http://christianity.about.com/od/newtestamentpeople/a/JZ-Caesar-Augustus.htm