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W.E.B. DuBois

W.E.B. DuBois

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W.E.B. DuBois

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  1. W.E.B. DuBois I Know Why the Caged Bird SIngs

  2. Early Years • Born Feb. 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, MA • William Edward Burghadt Du Bois-full name • Father was French Haitian • Did not know his biological father, he left when he was young—but he was close to his mother.

  3. Early Years • W.E.B’s mom had a stroke and was unable to work, therefore they depended on the few jobs that W.E.B. could do, and kindness from relatives. • W.E.B. believed he could improve their lives through education • Many recognized W.E.B’s intelligence, and encouraged him to further his education.

  4. University Education • 1888-Du Bois was awarded a degree from Fisk University • After graduation, Du Bois managed the Fisk Glee Club, and the club was employed by a luxury resort in Minnesota. • Du Bois worked as the manager of the glee club and as a waiter at the resort. • He was disgusted with the drinking and rude behavior from the rich white guests, and this left a deep impression on young Du Bois.

  5. 1888-Du Bois entered Harvard College • He earned a B.A. from Harvard in 1890, and received a stipend to attend the University of Berlin. • 1895-Du Bois, first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard • Du Bois wrote 22 books.

  6. Civil Rights Activism • Was a contemporary of Booker T. Washington • Du Bois was one of the founding members of the NAACP • Worked for 25 years as the Editor-in-chief for the NAACP’s publication The Crisis • He published AA writers Langston Hughes and Jean Toomer.

  7. Marcus Garvey vs. Du Bois • During 1920’s-Du Bois and Garvey were at odds. • Du Bois questioned whether African Americans could ever be seen as equals in American society, and Garvey questioned whether African Americans would always be treated as 2nd class citizens. • They could never agree on the view of the AA in American society, and were seen as enemies.

  8. Washington Vs. DuBois • BW wanted self-help and vocational training for AAs and D Bois thought AAs should seek higher education in the liberal arts. • Du Bois believed AAs should challenge and question white society on all grounds, but BW believed adjusting and assimilating to the culture, was the way for AAs to move up.

  9. Death • Du Bois and his wife were at this time, permanent citizens of Ghana • Du Bois’s health declined in 1962, and he died at the age of 95 , 1 day before MLK, Jr’s “I Have A Dream Speech” • At MLK. Jr.’s speech, Du Bois’s death was announced, and there was a moment of silence.