Fast Food Figuring Out the Facts
Project Sponsors • USDA Project Funded through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program • School District of Philadelphia • Department of Nutrition Sciences, Drexel University
Survey: • How many of you eat fast food? • How often do you eat fast food? • What is your favorite fast food choice? • What do you consider “fast food?” • Do you think fast food is healthy or unhealthy?
Making healthy choices Fast food What are today’s topics ?? Energy balance Portion size
Pop Quiz Which Meal Has the Least Amount of Fat? #1 Quarter pound burger with cheese, large fries and diet soda 54 grams #2 Crispy chicken salad with 2 ounces of creamy Caesar dressing and regular soda 34 grams #3 Taco Salad and bottled water 48 grams
Americans spend a lot of money on fast food (and that amount is increasing)! On French fries: 1970: $6 billion 2000: $110 billion We eat out often! Average American dines out 198 times a year How many times a week is this? Do you dine out more often or less often than this? Fast Food Facts
Too Much Fast Food? • Fast food can contain a lot of fat, calories, and sodium • Eating too much solid fat can raise cholesterol • Eating too many calories can lead to weight gain • High sodium intake is related to high prevalence of high blood pressure in the U.S. • These health problems can lead to serious disease • Diabetes • Heart Disease • Stroke • Some cancers
Fast Food Facts: Portion Sizes Today 20 Years Ago How many calories are in today’s order of fries? 210 Calories 2.4 ounces 400 more calories! 610 Calories 6.9 ounces Adapted from http://hin.nhlbi.nih.gov/portion/keep.htm
Americans Are Eating More weight gain increase in per capita consumption more than 200 calories per day Source:Nestle, 2002
You Do the Math • How much weight is gained by eating 200 extra calories every day for 1 year? • 200 calories x ____ days in 1 year = extra calories per year • 1 pound = 3500 calories • 73,000 calories/year ÷ 3500 calories/pound = • ______ pounds of weight gain in 1 year 365 73,000 20
Energy Balance Calories In = Calories Out If you walk leisurely for1 hour and 10 minutesyou will burn approximately 400 calories.* How long will you have to walk leisurely in order to burn those extra 400 calories?* Adapted from http://hin.nhlbi.nih.gov/portion/keep.htm *Based on 160-pound person
Maintaining a Healthy Weight • Be more physically active • Physical activity is a key to energy balance • Enjoy your food, but eat less • Cut back on foods high in solid fats and added sugars • Avoid oversized portions • 1 chocolate cream filled cupcake • 20 chocolate coated peanut candies • 5 chicken nuggets • 1 large chocolate chip cookie • 1 fast food medium soda 200 calories =
Fast Food Makeover: Before What you might choose: • Quarter Pound Burger w/Cheese • Large Fries • Large Milkshake Grams of Fat Totals: 1770 Calories = 68 Grams of Fat =
Fast Food Makeover: After • Cheeseburger • Small Fries • Bottled Water Totals: Grams of Fat Calories = 560 Grams of Fat = 25
Some Fat Is Good! • What are the benefits of fat? • Cushion and protect organs • Needed for energy • Helps with vitamin absorption • What foods have fats that are good for the body? • Tree nuts • Fish • Vegetable oils
Healthy Hints • Try vegetables on pizza – choose fatty meat toppings less often • Choose grilled chicken – cut back on fried foods • Avoid oversized portions – choose a smaller size option • Be creative – try baked potato, side salads, bean burritos, or frozen yogurt – make half your plate fruits and vegetables! • What other healthy hints do you have?
Fast Food • Make Healthier Choices • Choose lower calorie, fat, and sodium foods • Go for smaller portions • Remember Energy Balance • Get your physical activity • Balance the calories you need with the calories you eat Questions?