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Course 10th

Course 10th

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Course 10th

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  1. Course 10th • Economy and demographics • From emerging to industrialized countries

  2. Demographics • Critical thinking p.152 # 1, 2, 3, 5(10 min. in team, one sheet per team) • Optimum vs Maximum human pop. • Technology: a solution or a temporary 'fix' • Class struggles? • Slowing or accelerating growth?

  3. How the demographics impact the wealth of a country • Reducing birth rate allow more resource to raise children • Parents put more energy to get the children higher education • A higher rate of active population (lower dependency rate) generates more work

  4. Total GDP (interior production)

  5. GDP per capita

  6. Demographic impact Source: Images from http://populationpyramid.net/, produced using data from: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision

  7. Demographic impact

  8. Demographic impact

  9. How does socioeconomical factors are linked to environment? • Development needs resources! • Supply and demand From wikimedia.org

  10. Examples • Oil demand has raised continuously over the past years

  11. Why?

  12. Supply and demand illustration • WTI: Western Texas Intermediate • Brent: North Sea (Europe) ? Weekly price of WTI and Brent in dollars per barrel, Jan 5, 2001 to Feb 22, 2011. Historical data from EIA; Feb 22 values from Oil-Price.net.

  13. Oil price fluctuations http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article1375.html

  14. Environmental impact • Extraction and transformation of resources impact the environment: Alberta Tar Sands Photograph by Peter Essick; http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/03/canadian-oil-sands/kunzig-text

  15. Alberta Tar sands • Since the cost of isolating the oil from the sand, the industry was low from 1960 to the end of the 1990s • Surge from the 2000s brought the industry to a fast forward development

  16. Effect on the economy Real Gross Domestic Product, per capita, by region,(Ottawa: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 2006)http://ecommunity.pwsd76.ab.ca/file.php/863/moddata/resource/17718/ss_09/m4/s2/ss09_m4_s2_l01_p2.html

  17. Extraction oil from the sand Sam Abuelsamid, http://green.autoblog.com/2007/01/27/shell-plans-to-quadruple-canadian-oil-sands-production/

  18. Extracting oil from the sand Division of Energy & Fuels - American Chemical Societyhttp://www.ems.psu.edu/~pisupati/ACSOutreach/Oil_Sands.html

  19. Effects on the environment • Contaminated water used in the extraction process is released in the Athabasca River Source: Environment Canada: http://www.ec.gc.ca/doc/publications/pollution/COM1396/index-eng.htm

  20. Causes and consequences • Demographic growth • Economic growth • Demand on a resource • Raise of the prices • New supplies of resources available • Technological novelty • Positive or negative impact on the environment

  21. Activity • Can gold mining can be influenced by similar tendencies? • What creates a demand? • How the gold price might change? • How the industry will react? • How will it eventually impact the environment?

  22. Activity • Can you find another resource that might be influenced through the international market? • What is the resource? • Who are the main producers ? • Who are the main consumers ? • What are the events that drove the prices up or down? • What were the environmental impact of such prices fluctuations? • How the resource exploitation might impact the environment?