Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Gender & communication PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Gender & communication

Gender & communication

424 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Gender & communication

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Gender & communication By Sheila Ritter

  2. WHAT IS GENDER? • Gender Roles • Masculinity • Femininity • Androgyny • Sex • Biologically female • Biologically male • Sexual Orientation • Heterosexual • Homosexual • Bisexual • Asexual (Floyd, 2009, p. 56)

  3. Gender Roles & Sex • Not one in the same • Sex is biological • Gender roles are what society wants us to fit into. (Floyd, 2009, p. 56)

  4. Fitting into Gender Roles Feminine (girls) Masculine (boys) • Delicate • Fragile • Homemaker • Mother • Cooking and cleaning • http://youtu.be/qVgHrV9H-8k • Rough and tough • Strong • Breadwinner • Guns • Sports • http://youtu.be/lx5qCUB1fEw

  5. Starting Young • Girls and boys are treated differently to help fit into gender roles. • Starts in the hospital. • Baby girl = pink • Baby boy = blue

  6. Coaching Study • Study occurred at Southwestern University. • Sixty undergraduate students participated (30 men, 30 women) ages 18-23 • Read fictional half time speeches given by high school coaches. • Half speeches contained expletives. • Half were given to female teams, half to male teams. • Participants rated the effectiveness of the speech on a 7- point scale. (Howell & Giuliano, 2011)

  7. Coaching Study Result • When speech contained expletives, male participants found less effective when directed at a female team. • Men found expletive use to be more inappropriate when directed at female players. • Women’s perceptions are not affected by gender of players. • Cursing behavior perceived differently by men and women. (Howell & Giuliano, 2011)

  8. Women Expressive talk: express emotions and build relationships. Intimacy Closeness (Floyd, 2011, p. 67)

  9. Men Instrumental talk: convey information. Solve problems Accomplish things (Floyd, 2011, p. 67)

  10. Power Struggle men women • More powerful speech • Directive • Less powerful speech • More attentive to others • Seeks validations (Floyd, 2011)

  11. Emotional Availability (Toddler Study) • Mother- toddler and father- toddler dyads from 113 families. • California’s Central Valley • Mother’s ages 19 to 44 years • Father’s ages 21 to 50 • Mother and fathers filled out questionnaires and were observed and videotaped with children separately. • Rated on scale of parent sensitivity, structuring, nonintrusiveness and nonhostility. • Rated on child responsiveness and involvement. (Lovas, 2005)

  12. Toddler Study Results • In all variables, mother daughter dyads did the best, with mother son close behind. • Sensitivity • Mother daughter rated the highest • Mother son rated second • Father daughter rated third • Father son rated the lowest • Both mothers and fathers are more sensitive with daughters. (Lovas, 2005)

  13. The Power of “I” • Men use more “I” statements • Women use more “we” and “they” statements (Floyd, 2009, p.71)

  14. Meet in the Middle? • Masculine and feminine are good in different ways • Meet in the middle • Embrace both

  15. Works Cited • http://www.parentsconnect.com/parenting-boards/baby-names-games/80058, October 17, 2011. • http://madamenoire.com/66146/why-having-girlfriends-is-important/african-american-women-talking-3/,October 17, 2011. • http://mybro.com/page/2/ , October 17, 2011. • http://www.123rf.com/photo_6682611_sad-woman-looking-down-and-a-man-standing-behind-her.html, October 17, 2011. • http://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-photo-young-black-man-standing-tall-image4678225, October 17, 2011. • http://scrabblesense.com/2010/01/scrabble-can-you-play-names-ie-gloria/, October 17, 2011. • http://youtu.be/qVgHrV9H-8k, October 17, 2011. • http://youtu.be/lx5qCUB1fEw, October 17, 2011. • Floyd, K. (2009). Interpersonal Communication: The Whole Story. New York, NY: McGraw- Hill. • Howell, J. L., & Giuliano, T. A. (2011). The Effect of Expletive Use and Team Gender Perceptions of Coaching Effectiveness. Journal of Sport Behavior, 34(1), 69-81. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. • Lovas, G. S. (2005). Gender and patterns of emotional availability in mother–toddler and father–toddler dyads. Infant Mental Health Journal, 26(4), 327-353. doi:10.1002/imhj.20056