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War in the Pacific PowerPoint Presentation
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War in the Pacific

War in the Pacific

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War in the Pacific

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  1. MWH Corning March 2010 War in the Pacific

  2. Japan’s military leaders wanted an empire like the European nations had • 1931 – Japanese troops moved from Manchuria into NE China • 1937 – Second Sino –Japanese War • Used a lot of resources, Japan looked at the rich European colonies in SE Asia JAPAN’S Expansion in Asia

  3. The U.S. felt that their colonies in the Philippines and Guam were threatened • Sent aid to China to resist Japanese • 1941 – Japan invades French Indochina • Pres. Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments • Admiral Yamamoto calls for an attack on Pearl Harbor (Hawaii) • Dec 1941 – Japanese attacked • Congress declares war on Japan and its allies • Internment of Japanese Americans - (1942) 110,000 placed in War Relocation Camps, 65% U.S. Citizens • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUrpIFp7EMA&feature=related What about the U.S.?

  4. Japan also launched bombing raids on Hong Kong (British colony) and Guam/Wake Islands • Invasion force landed in Thailand • Jan – April 1942 Japan takes the Philippines • Feb 1942 – Japanese strike against British colonies: Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Burma; Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) • Treatment of Japanese Prisoners of War • By 1942 control 1 million square miles – WHY? Other parts of Asia

  5. Battle of Coral Sea (1942)– use of aircraft Battle of Midway (1942) – turn the tide General MacArthur’s “Island Hopping” plan – target strategically important islands, moving closer to Japan Battle of Guadalcanal (1942) – 6 months, Japanese lost 24,000 of 36,000 force Allied counter-attack

  6. By 1944 Japanese Navy was destroyed – only Army and Air Force (kamikaze pilots) in play • Feb 1945 – Fire bombing of Tokyo begins (carpet bombing -> non-strategic) • March 1945 – American Marines take the island of Iwo Jima (Iwoto) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Wm7ADffYzo • April 1945 – Okinawa – Japanese lost 100,000 troops, US 10,000 • Next step – invasion of Japan but that would come at a cost End of the war

  7. Pres Truman needed to decide to commit about .5 million troops or use a new weapon – the Atomic bomb • Ultimatum – unconditional surrender of Japan • Emperor no longer divine • Aug 6, 1945 – Ebola Gay – dropped Atomic bomb on Hiroshima – 80,000 people killed but “injuries” continue until today • Aug 9, 1945 – second bomb on Nagasaki • Japanese surrender Sept 2, 1945 • Video:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NF4LQaWJRDg&feature=SeriesPlayList&p=D7F1A06CE1780AD5 Hiroshima/nagasaki