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War in the Pacific

War in the Pacific

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War in the Pacific

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Presentation Transcript

  1. War in the Pacific Major Events

  2. Bombing of Pearl Harbor • Dec 7, 1941 • Planned and executed by Yamamoto • Involved • 105 high-level bombers • 135 dive bombers • 81 fighters • In 2 hours • 18 warships, 188 aircrafts, 2403 servicemen were killed or destroyed

  3. Pearl Harbor continued • “a date that will live in infamy” – FDR • Brings US into World War II

  4. Bataan Death March • Dec 22, 1941 • Retreat to Bataan Peninsula • Blockaded (no food) • Apr 9, 1942 • Forced to surrender • 75,000 POWs • 12,000 US • 63,000 Filipino • To be marched 55 miles over 5 days

  5. Bataan cont. • Japanese believed disgrace in surrender • Would torture prisoners during march • No water (shot if attempted to drink) • Little food • Killed citizens who tried to help • Hot Sun • Shot, bayonetted, beheaded as examples • 54,000 arrived at camp

  6. Battle of Midway • June 3, 1942 • Japan needed to launch air attacks on US • Plans were intercepted • As Japanese planes rearmed following initial attack US attacks • All 4 Japanese aircraft carriers destroyed • Turning Point of War in Pacific

  7. Guadalcanal • Aug 1942 – Feb 1943 • First offensive of MacArthur’s island hopping campaign • Air base • Ground, sea, air battles • Jungles were “Hell”

  8. Iwo Jima • Feb 19, 1945 – March 26, 1945 • Air base • Mt. Surabachi flag raising (4th day) • Japanese fought from elaborate network of caves, dugouts, tunnels, and underground installations • Defended with 23,000 • 210 surrendered

  9. Okinawa • April 1, 1945 – June 21, 1945 • Largest and bloodiest battle of the Pacific • Air bases • Kamikaze attacks / defensive lines / caves, pillboxes, ancient castles • Japanese suffered 200,000 casualties • ½ civilian • US suffered nearly 50,000 killed or wounded

  10. Manhattan Project • Oppenheimer • Atomic bomb • July 6, 1945 • first exploded as warning • Japanese do not respond

  11. Hiroshima • Paul Tibbets - pilot • Enola Gay - plane • Aug 6, 1945 • 70,000 - 80,000 die immediately

  12. Nagasaki • Aug 9, 1945 • 70,000 killed instantly • MANY more of the years from radiation poisoning

  13. Surrender • Aug 15, 1945 Japan surrenders • Sept. 2, 1945 official surrender • USS Missouri • V-J Day