Download
hardware failures n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Hardware failures PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Hardware failures

Hardware failures

115 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Hardware failures

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Hardware failures Wayne Salter on behalf of Olof Bärring

  2. Outline • Failures • What fails? • How often? • When? • Repairs • How? • By whom? • How quickly? • Conclusions CERN IT facility

  3. What fails? and how do we know? • The only things we know for sure about hardware are: • It will fail • Some of it fails more often than other… • disk drives for instance • Monitoring failures • Disks: assume fail-stop but reality more complex • At CERN we base our decision on SMART counters and failed media scans • Monitoring ‘repairs’ rather than ‘failures’: • Vendor tickets (~4k 2010-11) • Changes in serial numbers inventory (~10k 2010-11) CERN IT facility

  4. Failure space • CERN IT by numbers (14/9/2011) CERN IT facility

  5. How often? • Monitoring changes in serial numbers gives an idea Bulk campaigns CERN IT facility

  6. How often? • Monitoring changes in serial numbers gives an idea • Excluding campaigns ~170 disks /month (5 /day) HDD failures/day:5 Hours/day: 24  ~1 fail per 5hrs  MTTF = 320,000 hrs 64,000 drives in the centre (Spec: 1.2Mhrs) CERN IT facility

  7. When? Failure rates of hardware products typically follow a “bathtub curve” with high failure rates at the beginning (infant mortality) and the end (wear-out) of the lifecycle1. 1http://www.usenix.org/events/fast07/tech/schroeder/schroeder.pdf CERN IT facility

  8. When? Process and categorize 2010-11 vendor calls according to ‘Warranty age’ when call was opened 10x disks to CPU servers CERN IT facility

  9. When? Quarterly disk failure rate normalized to number of disks Early failures (infant mortality) CERN IT facility

  10. When? Other failure types • Swappable: RAM, PSU, BBU, BMC, … • Complex repairs: cabling, backplane, main board, … no clue… CERN IT facility

  11. Repairs Vendor call New sn: WD3342ABC Alarm CERN IT facility

  12. By who,? Vendor CERN IT facility

  13. How quickly? • Two contract types • ‘Normal’ only used for CPU servers ~30% CERN IT facility

  14. Ongoing Improvements CF • Tracking changes to servers • Keep current tools that report HW info • Will store each server’s HW info as a document (HW inventory) • Key is unique id stored in the BMC when hardware is purchased • Change log, e.g. replaced parts, for each server • Goals: • Better accessibility and usability of data • Provide base for a more comprehensive HW inventory tool • Systematic tracking of parts replacement due to failure • Trending and potential action (e.g. #disk replacements in last month > X Controller 0: Vendor="Intel Corporation" Model="82801JI (ICH10 Family) SATA AHCI Controller" Location="/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.2" BBU="None" Cache="None" Serial="None" Version="None" Driver="ahci" Type="sata” Controller 0 Port 0: Vendor="WDC" Model="WD1002FBYS-02A6B0" Size="953869" Serial="WD-WMATV4729249" Version="03.00C06" Device="sda” Controller 0 Port 1: Vendor="WDC" Model="WD1002FBYS-02A6B0" Size="953869" Serial="WD-WMATV8136033" Version="03.00C06" Device="sdb” Controller 0 Port 2: Vendor="WDC" Model="WD1002FBYS-02A6B0" Size="953869" Serial="WD-WMATV4713233" Version="03.00C06" Device="sdc” BIOS: Vendor="American Megatrends Inc." Version="080015 (07/20/2009)" smt="enabled” BMC: Vendor="Winbond" Model="IPMI 2.0" IPMI Version="2.0" MAC="00:00:00:00:00:0A" Serial="" Version="1.12” CPU 0: Vendor="GenuineIntel" Model="Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU L5520 @ 2.27GHz" Cores="4" Speed="2270” CPU 1: Vendor="GenuineIntel" Model="Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU L5520 @ 2.27GHz" Cores="4" Speed="2270” NIC 0: Vendor="Intel Corporation" Model="82574L Gigabit Network Connection" Location="/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:01.0/0000:01:00.0" MAC="00:00:00:00:00:00" Speed="1024000" Bus="pci" Media="ethernet" Version="1.9-0” NIC 1: Vendor="Intel Corporation" Model="82574L Gigabit Network Connection" Location="/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:02.0/0000:02:00.0" MAC="00:00:00:00:00:0F" Speed="1024000" Bus="pci" Media="ethernet" Version="1.9-0” RAM 0: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM1A" Type="Other" Serial=”00000001” RAM 1: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM1B" Type="Other" Serial="00000002” RAM 2: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM2A" Type="Other" Serial="00000003” RAM 3: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM2B" Type="Other" Serial="00000004” RAM 4: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM3A" Type="Other" Serial="00000005” RAM 5: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P2-DIMM3B" Type="Other" Serial="00000006” RAM 6: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM1A" Type="Other" Serial="00000007” RAM 7: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM1B" Type="Other" Serial="00000008” RAM 8: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM2A" Type="Other" Serial="00000009” RAM 9: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM2B" Type="Other" Serial="00000010” RAM 10: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM3A" Type="Other" Serial="00000011” RAM 11: Vendor="Hyundai" Model="HMT151R7BFR4C-G7" Size="4096" Data Rate="1066" Location="P1-DIMM3B" Type="Other” Serial="00000012” Serial: ”SDFGSDFG34DFGDFG345DFGDFG345" CERN IT facility

  15. Conclusions • Hardware fails • As expected • More often than expected • MTTF ~320khours rather than 1.2Mhours • When expected: • Effect of early failures (infant mortality) in first year • No sign of wear-out at the end of the 3 years warranty • Repairs are currently carried out by vendor • Missed repair targets in ~30% of cases • Looking at a different model… CERN IT facility

  16. Questions? CERN IT facility