Overview • Definition of Accountability • Unlimited Liability • Air Force Core Values and Accountability
Definition of Accountability • Random House College Dictionary “subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify.” “responsible; answerable”
Definition of Accountability • USAF Core Values “No person of integrity tries to shift the blame to others or takes credit for the work of others; ‘the buck stops here’ says it best.”
Definition of Accountability “Holding people responsible for their actions appropriate to their authority and within the realm of their responsibility.” Lt Gen Joseph J. Redden Former Commander, Air University
Accountability vs. Liability • Accountability - (in a military environment) requires individuals to be answerable or accountable for the people and resources entrusted to them.
“In the Air Force we expect all members to live by the highest standards implicit in our core values … We should not and will not accept less. However, when those standards are not met -- that is, there is misconduct or behavior that does not meet our standards -- then it is our responsibility and our duty to hold people involved accountable for their actions and respond appropriately.” Former USAF Chief of Staff, General Ronald Fogleman (Ret)
Unlimited Liability • Liability - Concept based upon an individual’s action or inaction. It subjects one to penalty for failure to conform or meet standards and usually carries individual consequences.
Unlimited Liability “The obligation of service and commitment inherent in the military ethic imposes burdens not customary in the larger society where obligations are normally contractual in nature and limited in degree of personal sacrifice expected. For the soldier, the obligation is complete: to death if necessary.” General E.C. Meyer, U.S. Army (Ret.)
Oath of Office I, , having been appointed a Second Lieutenant, United States Air Force, do solemnly swear (or affirm)… that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office upon which I am about to enter, SO HELP ME GOD.
Age (Rebirth) of Accountability • Blackhawk Shootdown - Northern Iraq 14 April ‘94 “ We cannot tolerate actions which appear to condemn inappropriate conduct one moment, condone it the next, or even worse, reward it.” • General Ronald Fogleman (USAF Ret)
Accountability • Fairchild B-52 Accident - Spokane, Washington -- June ’94 • T-43 Crash - Dubrovnik, Croatia -- April ’96 • Khobar Towers - Dhahran, Saudi Arabia -- June ‘96
Accountability • 1LT Kelly Flinn -‘97 • USAFA – ’02, ‘03
“This is not a one-mistake Air Force. We fully realize that our people are going to make honest mistakes as they attempt to perform their duties. That’s an understandable part of the process of gaining experience.”General Ronald Fogleman, USAF Ret
Historical Examples “This is not a new issue.” • My Lai, Vietnam - Spring ‘68 • Lavelle Incident - Vietnam, ‘71-’72
Other Examples • USMC • Italian Gondola Incident • USN • Naval Academy Cheating Scandal • Tailhook • USA • Aberdeen / Fort Leonard Wood • Sexual misconduct -- 140 cases
Core Values & Accountability • Integrity--doing what’s right • Don’t shift blame to others or take credit for work done by others • Encourage Openness--Nothing to Hide • Self-Respect--don’t do anything to bring discredit upon yourself or the Air Force
Core Values & Accountability • Service Before Self--sacrificing your own desires • Follow the Rules--rules are there for a reason • Respect for Others--put the troops first • Faith in the System--losing faith in the system places self before service
Core Values & Accountability • Excellence in All We Do--passion for being the best • Commitment to maximizing the team effort • Never letting the team down • Completing required training and duties • Staying physically and mentally fit
Questions to be answered… • Who’s accountable ? • What are the impediments to accountability? • How do I avoid problems?
Impediments to Accountability • Misplaced Loyalty • The Constitution Institution versus the Individual • Fear of Making Mistakes • The One Mistake Air Force • Mistakes versus Crimes
Trouble Spots for New Officers • Pornography • DUI • Misappropriation of Funds • False Official Statements • Misuse of Government Resources • Fraternization
How to Avoid Problems • Never compromise your integrity • Always do what’s right • Don’t be afraid to say, “I can’t do that.” • Let your principles be your guide • Integrity, Excellence, Service
Summary • Definition of Accountability • Unlimited Liability • Air Force Core Values and Accountability