World Wide “Reds” The Spread of Communism in Asia, Middle East and Latin America
Review of Communism • Explain one reason why the United States and USSR clashed after WWII. • What is the “Iron Curtain?” • Why were Capitalist powers worried about the “Iron Curtain” and “Satellite States”? • What was NATO?
Korea • Korea was split after WWII • Soviets controlled North, Capitalist the south • The North Koreans wanted to unify • Their unification move was thought to be an attack by MacArthur. • MacArthur invaded North Korea and up to China • Forces pushed back, MacArthur wants to drop atomic bomb on China • Truman refused to drop A-bomb • MacArthur speaks out against Truman and fired for insubordination.
Vietnam • French controlled Vietnam • Leader Ho Chi Minh pushed for freedom • The Democratic Republic of Vietnam began to fight the French • Americans began to help to prevent the spread of communism • Vietnam split at the 17thParralell. North was communist and south was capitalist • Eisenhower stated the domino theory.
Middle East • Capitalist countries left Middle East. Soviets did not. • USSR invades Iran and United States demands them to remove themselves • The UN Divided Palestine into a Jewish and Arab states. • Many European Jews moved to Palestine • Palestine then invaded Iran, and lost.
Latin America • The United States tried to keep communism from getting close to home. • American businesses had cooperation's in Latin America • There was a close scare with support of communism in Guatemala. • CIA helped overthrow the leader of the radical group • At the same time, Fidel Castro became the communist leader of Cuba.