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Fire Protection & Prevention

Fire Protection & Prevention

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Fire Protection & Prevention

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  1. Fire Protection & Prevention Bureau of Workers’ Compensation PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) CFR 1926 Subpart F PPT-116-01

  2. Fire Protection & Prevention Subpart F - Fire Protection & Prevention(1926.150 - 159) 2A fire extinguishers - Building area Flammables/combustibles - Approved containers Storage of LPG containers Fire protection program/equipment 10B fire extinguisher within 50 ft. of flammable/combustible liquids PPT-116-01

  3. Definitions "Combustible liquid" means any liquid having a flash point at or above 140 deg. F., and below 200 deg. F "Flammable liquid" means any liquid having a flash point below 140 deg. F and having a vapor pressure not exceeding 40 pounds per square inch (absolute) at 100 deg. F. PPT-116-01

  4. III II IC IA IB Combustible & Flammable Liquids 200 Fº 140 Fº Combustible Flash point > 100 Fº 100 Fº Flash Point Fº Flammable Flash point < 100 Fº 73 Fº Boiling Point Fº PPT-116-01

  5. Definitions Flash Point The minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid. The flash point is normally an indication of susceptibility to ignition. PPT-116-01

  6. Definitions Flammable (Explosive) Limits The flammable range includes all concentrations of flammable vapor or gas in air, in which a flash will occur or a flame will travel if the mixture is ignited. PPT-116-01

  7. Flammable (Explosive) Limits Flammable Range Explosion Pressure LEL UEL Vapor/Gas Concentration in Air (%) PPT-116-01

  8. Safety Can Safety can shall mean an approved container, of not more than 5 gallons capacity, having a spring-closing lid and spout cover and so designed that it will safely relieve internal pressure when subjected to fire exposure. PPT-116-01

  9. 1926.24 Fire Protection and Prevention Employer responsibility: Development and maintenance of an effective fire protection and prevention program At the jobsite Throughout all phases of construction Comply with provisions of Subpart F PPT-116-01

  10. 1926.150 General Requirements Maintain access to fire fighting equipment at all times Conspicuously located Periodically inspected Defective replaced PPT-116-01

  11. 1926.150 General Requirements Fire brigade provided as warranted Provide water supply to protect against combustibles PPT-116-01

  12. Subpart F - Fire Protection • Know what to look for when inspecting! • Type of extinguisher • Labeling • Pins in place? • Charged? • Heft test • Annual Hydrostatic test PPT-116-01

  13. 1926.150 General Requirements Fire extinguishers: Fire extinguisher provided every 3000 ft² In protected areas travel distance to extinguisher < 100 feet Minimum one extinguisher per floor Multi-story at least one near stairway PPT-116-01

  14. 1926.150 General Requirements Minimum 10B extinguisher within 50 feet of 5 gallons flammable liquid or 5 pounds flammable gas Extinguishers inspected and maintained in accordance with NFPA No. 10A-1970. PPT-116-01

  15. Subpart F - Fire Protection Types of Fires Class A - Ordinary materials such as paper, wood, cloth Class B - Flammable liquids or Combustible liquids such as gasoline, paint, thinners, propane, kerosene Class C - Electrical equipment fires, appliances, switches, panels Class D - Certain metals such as magnesium, sodium, that could explode! PPT-116-01

  16. Fire Extinguishers PPT-116-01

  17. Subpart F - Fire Protection PPT-116-01

  18. 1926.150 General Requirements Alarm system established for emergencies: Alert employees Alert fire department Reporting instructions conspicuously posted by phones and worker entrances PPT-116-01

  19. 1926.150 General Requirements Fire Cutoffs: Fire walls & exit stairways given construction priority For demolition, retain fire walls until removal required PPT-116-01

  20. 1926.151 Fire Prevention Electrical for light, heat, and power complies with Subpart K Engine combustion well away from combustibles No smoking around fire hazards and signs posted PPT-116-01

  21. 1926.151 Fire Prevention Combustible piles no higher than 20 feet Driveways around combustible piles minimum 15 feet wide Maximum driveway grid 50' by 150' 50' 20' 150' 15' PPT-116-01

  22. 1926.151 Fire Prevention 10' No piles within ten feet of buildings Fire extinguisher provided within 100 feet 50' 20' 150' 15' PPT-116-01

  23. 1926.151 Fire Prevention Indoor Storage: No obstruction to exit Appropriate management of all fire hazard materials Segregate non-compatibles Three feet clearance maintained to sprinklers PPT-116-01

  24. 1926.152 Flammable & Combustible Liquids Flammable liquids > 1 gallon requires safety can Flammables not stored near exits or stairways PPT-116-01

  25. 1926.152 Flammable & Combustible Liquids Inside Storage: Max 25 gallons stored outside flammable cabinet Cabinets labeled “Flammable - Keep Fire Away” PPT-116-01

  26. 1926.152 Flammable & Combustible Liquids Dispensing 5 gallons or more, segregate 25 feet from other operations Bonding required for container transfer PPT-116-01

  27. 1926.152 Flammable & Combustible Liquids The dispensing units shall be protected against collision damage Containers closed when not in use PPT-116-01

  28. 1926.153 Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) Systems, valves, connectors of approved type Welding is prohibited on containers Storage of LPG within buildings is prohibited Filling of portable containers or containers mounted on skids from storage containers shall be performed not less than 50 feet from the nearest building. PPT-116-01

  29. Contact Information Health & Safety Training Specialists 1171 South Cameron Street, Room 324 Harrisburg, PA 17104-2501 (717) 772-1635 RA-LI-BWC-PATHS@pa.gov Like us on Facebook! - https://www.facebook.com/BWCPATHS PPT-116-01

  30. Questions PPT-116-01