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Ventilators PowerPoint Presentation
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Ventilators

Ventilators

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Ventilators

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  1. Ventilators How to understand them

  2. Ventilator A device for getting air in and out of a patients lungs

  3. Ventilator Negative pressure positive pressure Cuirasse Iron lung ITU ventilators NIPP ventilators Domicilliary ventilators

  4. Negative pressure Advantages No need for tracheostomy more physiological Disadvantages Bulky Restrictive

  5. ITU Ventilators Complex Need piped gasses Expensive Fragile

  6. NIPP Ventilators Used to assist breathing eg COPD, scoliosis, muscular dystrophies sleep apnoea

  7. Domicilliary ventilators Rugged Reliable Simple Variety of power sources (must have internal battery to be classed as life support device)

  8. What do ventilators do ? Ensure gas exchange Enhance oxygenation Eliminate carbon dioxide

  9. CO2 removal Depends on quantity of air moved in and out of lungs = minute volume = tidal volume X respiratory rate Tidal volume = 10 ml/Kg Resp rate 10/min Minute volume 100 ml/Kg Rough guides Measure PCO2 or ETCO2 (end tidal)

  10. What if you get it wrong ? Hypoventilation Raised PCO2, low pH tachycardia, hypertension breathlessness, accesory muscle use tiredness, confusion, headache, nausea coma, death. Hyperventilation Low PCO2, raised pH vasoconstriction dizzyness, confusion, parasthesia

  11. Volumes and airway pressure and flow

  12. What do all the knobs do ? 1. Basic ventilator settings 2. Alarm settings 3. Optional extras

  13. How to achieve the minute volume of your dreams Basic settings Volume ventilators Set tidal volume and respiratory rate Pressure ventilators Set desired pressure and respiratory rate

  14. Optional extras basic settings I:E Ratio Flow rate Sigh Oxygen PEEP

  15. Alarm settings High airway pressure Low airway pressure Optional extras Low minute volume Low Oxygen

  16. Optional extras Trigger Alarm volume FiO2 High airway pressure delay Low airway pressure delay