Guiding Art, Block building, and Sensory Experiences I can explain how art experiences promote physical, social, emotional, and cognitive growth I can describe techniques for guiding art experiences I can list the stages of art skill development. I can compile a list of art supplies needed for a well stocked classroom. I can plan a variety of art, block building, sensory, and woodworking activities suitable for young children.
The importance of art • Through art experiences children to: • Express feelings • Develop creativity • Respect the property and work of others • Explore possibilities by finding new ways of using materials • Use a variety of tools • Mix materials • Become aware of color, texture, line, and form • Build problem-solving skills
The importance of art • Learning opportunity to think, plan, and express their ideas • Promotes: physical, cognitive, social, emotional growth
Physical Growth • Improve fine motor skills through, painting, coloring, scribbling, drawing • Play dough works hands muscles and they learn to control their fingers. • Fosters motor and hand eye coordination
Social Growth • Responsibility- art work , clothing • Share – crayons, paint, etc. • Respect the property of others • Learn to value the work of others
Emotional Growth • Express Emotions • Angry • Choose activity- hmm what will I paint • Through art children learn to communicate and express their feelings through different mediums.
Cognitive Growth • By exploring , experimenting, and problem solving with a variety of materials and tools they are growing cognitively. • They color, size, texture, and shape • They learn skills like cutting, and drawing. • Cutting takes things apart. Tape or glue puts things back together. • Visual and tactile skills are learned
Techniques for Guiding Art Experiences • Provide various art materials • Allow for opportunities to create • Allow children to express feelings • Give them enough time • Allow them to experiment with colors and materials • Experiences should involve all the senses: smell, sight, taste, touch, hearing
Techniques for Guiding Art Experiences • Teachers are helpers, not intruders • Start art activities by introducing the supplies and tools available for the day. • Observe children during art experiences, refrain from asking what they are doing. • Could be just experimenting with the tools • May lack the language skills to express
Techniques for Guiding Art Experiences • Focus on the process • Make them feel successful and confident • Let them decide when the work is finished • Don’t urge them to fill up all the space • Praise all children’s work, avoid singling out one child’s • Display the work – children feel valued
Commenting on Children’s ArtFocus is on the Process • You’re using a purple crayon • Your work has interesting lines • What a nice yellow star you are making • You must really like the color green
Techniques for Guiding Art Experiences • Color is not important in preschool children’s artwork • No relationship between the colors chosen and the object • They choose colors they like opposed to real life
Color preferences Beutiful Ugly Brown White Black • Yellow • Blue • Orange • Green
Stages of Art Skill Development Scribbles Basic Forms 3 and 4 year olds Ovals, rectangles, and circles More control over movements Name their drawings and start making connections with techniques • 15 month to 3 years • Motor skills and eye hand coordination not well developed • Zigzags, whirls, and circles • Lines are not connected
Stages of Art Skill Development First Drawings • 4 and 5 year olds • First real drawings • Mimic their view of the world • Combine shapes to make objects or people • Later they will add, trees, houses, cars, boats to their drawings.
Tempera Paint Buy tempera paint in a liquid or powder form.
Paint Brushes ½ to 1” wide
Molding • Play dough and clay • Children enjoy the tactile experience • Stimulates imagination and freedom to change their mind • Accessories to use with play dough – cookie cutters, rolling pins
Molding • Two year – pull, beat, push, and squeeze the play dough • Three year – make balls, and snake shapes • Four year – more complex forms • Five – may announce what they are going to make before they make it
Refrigerated Playdough • 1 cup Salt • 2 Cup Flour • 1 Cup water • 3 Tablespoons Oil • Food Coloring
Characteristics Clay Play dough Softer texture then clay Play dough can be scented Add different textured items to the theplaydough such as rice, cornmeal , sand , oats • Purchase in red or white • Red will stain clothes so most teachers prefer white • Store in a plastic bag, garbage pail. • Vinyl tablecloth for easier clean up
Cutting Collages Selection of material mounted on a flat surface Introduces contrasting colors and textures Younger children will paste materials on top of each other Make sure materials are appropriate for young children. • Time and supplies to cut daily • Cut in straight lines at first • Scissors should have rounded tips • Use construction paper or wrapping paper • Paper Flower
Block building • The most popular center • Large and small muscles • Improve eye hand coordination • Strengthening muscles • Learning new concepts and skills
Stages of block building • Page 287 • Memory Game