CHAPTER 9 Career Planning and Development 9-1 Career Opportunities 9-2 Planning Your Career 9-3 Applying for Employment 9-4 Securing a Job
9-1 Career Opportunities Goals Describe the steps in the career planning process. Identify the main sources of career information. Discuss career fields with the most growth potential.
Chapter 9 Key Terms • career • informational interview • mobility
Chapter 9 CAREER PLANNING • Your study of careers • Career training
Chapter 9 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS Step 1: Personal Assessment • Determine interests and values • Identify talents and abilities Step 2: Employment Market Analysis • Geographic influences • Business and economic trends
Chapter 9 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS (continued) Step 3: Application Process • Application form • Resume and cover letter Step 4: Interview Process • Prepare for interview • Follow-up activities
Chapter 9 THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS (continued) Step 5: Employment Acceptance • Salary and financial factors • Organizational environment Step 6: Career Development and Advancement • Practice career success behaviors • Develop strong work relationships
List the steps in the career planning process. Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • The steps in the career planning process are personal assessment, employment market analysis, application process, interview process, employment acceptance, and career development and advancement.
Chapter 9 CAREER INFORMATION SOURCES • Print and media sources • Online sources • Informational interviews • Business contacts
Chapter 9 SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR AN INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEW • How did you get your current job? • In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations? • What tasks and activities are required in your work? • What are the most important qualifications for working in this field? • What advice would you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work?
What are the main sources of career information? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • Print, media, and online sources, informational interviews, and business contacts are the main sources of career information.
Chapter 9 GROWTH CAREER AREAS • Geographic influences • Economic and industry trends
What factors affect the career areas that will be in demand in the future? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • Future employment opportunities are influenced by geography and economic trends. • Consumer demand, changing demographics, and new technology all affect employment trends.
9-2 Planning Your Career Goals Describe factors of a personal assessment for career planning. Discuss methods for obtaining career experience. Identify information sources for available jobs.
Chapter 9 Key Terms • values • talent • ability
Chapter 9 PERSONAL ASSESSMENT • Interests • Values • Talents and abilities
What is the difference between an interest and a talent? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • One might have several areas of interest; talents, however, are inborn abilities that can assist in narrowing career interests.
Chapter 9 EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE • Work-study programs • Part-time employment • Volunteer activities • School activities
What are methods for obtaining employment experience? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • Work-study programs, part- time employment, volunteering, and school activities are each ways of gaining work experience.
Chapter 9 SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS • The media • Personal contacts • Business contacts • Career fairs • Government employment offices
What are the main sources of information about available jobs? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • Business and personal contacts are the main sources of employment information. • Others include newspapers and other publications, career fairs, employment agencies, and online sources.
9-3 Applying for Employment Goals Prepare an application form and a resume. Identify the parts of an application cover letter. Discuss the online application process.
Chapter 9 Key Terms • application form • resume • career portfolio • cover letter
Chapter 9 APPLICATION ACTIVITIES • Personal data sheet • Application form • Resume • Career portfolio
Chapter 9 RESUME • Personal information • Career objective • Education • Experience • Career-related honors and other activities
Chapter 9 CAREER PORTFOLIO • Resume, cover letter, and answers to sample interview questions • Sample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projects • Web site designs, creative works from school activities or previous employment such as ads, packages, and promotions • News articles of community activities or other experiences in which you have participated • Letters of recommendation
What are the main sections of a resume? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • The typical resume includes personal information, career objective, education, experience, career-related honors, and other activities.
Chapter 9 APPLICATION COVER LETTER • Introduction • Development • Conclusion • Targeted letter
What is the purpose of a cover letter? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • The cover letter is used to express interest in a company and to invite interest in your resume. • Its ultimate goal is to solicit an interview.
Chapter 9 ONLINE APPLICATION PROCESS • Online applications • Cyber interviewing
How is the Internet used in the job application process? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • Job seekers may learn job seeking skills, post resumes, learn more about a company, and apply for jobs online. • Employers may post positions, review resumes, and perform screening interviews online.
9-4 Securing a Job Goals Describe activities involved in the interview process. Compare factors to consider when accepting a job offer. Identify attitudes and actions for success on the job.
Chapter 9 Key Terms • employment interview • mentor • exit interview
Chapter 9 THE INTERVIEW PROCESS • Before the interview • During the interview • After the interview
Chapter 9 BEFORE YOU INTERVIEW • Plan your questions • Things to remember • Be on time for the appointment. • Go alone to the interview. • Dress properly
Chapter 9 DURING THE INTERVIEW • Answer each question completely • Avoid talking too much • Make good eye contact • Stay calm • Thank the interviewer
Chapter 9 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS • Education and Training • What qualifies you for this job? • Why are you interested in this company? • What activities have helped you to expand your interests and knowledge?
Chapter 9 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS (continued) • Work and Other Experience • In what situations have you done your best work? • Describe the supervisors who motivated you most. • Which of your past accomplishments are you most proud of? • Describe people with whom you have found it difficult to work?
Chapter 9 COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS (continued) • Personal Qualities • What are your major strengths and weaknesses? • What have you done to overcome these? • What do you plan to be doing five or ten years from now? • Which individuals have had the greatest influence on you?
Chapter 9 AFTER THE INTERVIEW • Send a follow-up letter • Evaluate your interview performance • Be patient
What actions should be taken when preparing for an employment interview? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • An applicant should gather information about the organization, prepare questions, prepare answers to anticipated questions, arrive on time, and dress appropriately.
Chapter 9 JOB OFFERS • Salary and financial factors • Organizational environment
What factors should a person consider when accepting a job? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • In addition to salary, one should consider what types of benefits are offered, what kind of work environment is involved, and what opportunities for training and advancement exist.
Chapter 9 ON THE JOB BEHAVIOR • Positive attitude • Positive image
Chapter 9 JOB SUCCESS STRATEGIES • Ask questions • Avoid complaining • Honor the time for breaks • Consider your appearance • Be on time • Be friendly with everyone • Show you are dependable • Follow the rules
Chapter 9 MENTOR • A mentor is an experienced employee who serves as a counselor to a person with less experience.
Chapter 9 LEAVING A JOB • Give notice • Letter • Date • Complete current projects • Participate in exit interview • Thank coworkers
How does a mentor assist less experienced employees? Chapter 9 Checkpoint >> Answer • A mentor can provide insight into how to find opportunities for promotion. • He or she will have an understanding of the current demands within your company or chosen field.