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Career Planning and Development

Career Planning and Development

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Career Planning and Development

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  1. 9 Career Planning and Development 9-1 Career Opportunities 9-2 Planning Your Career 9-3 Applying for Employment 9-4 Securing a Job

  2. LESSON 9-1Career Opportunities Goals • Describe the steps in the career planning process. • Identify the main sources of career information. • Discuss career fields with the most growth potential. Chapter 9

  3. Warm-Up • What are some resources you can use in planning your career? Chapter 9

  4. The Career Planning Process • Occupation: • a task or series of tasks that is performed to provide a good or service. • Career: • a goal for work that is fulfilled through an occupation or series of occupations. • Career planning: • the process of studying careers, assessing yourself and making decisions about a future career. Chapter 9

  5. THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 1: Personal Assessment • Determine interests and values • Identify talents and abilities • Step 2: Employment Market Analysis • Geographic influences • Business and economic trends Chapter 9

  6. (continued) THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 3: Application Process • Application form • Resume and cover letter • Step 4: Interview Process • Prepare for interview • Follow-up activities Chapter 9

  7. (continued) THE CAREER PLANNING PROCESS • Step 5: Employment Acceptance • Salary and financial factors • Organizational environment • Step 6: Career Development and Advancement • Practice career success behaviors • Develop strong work relationships Chapter 9

  8. CAREER INFORMATION SOURCES • Print and media sources • Occupational Outlook Handbook Chapter 9

  9. Informal Interview • Planned discussion with a worker who is willing to help you find out about the work that a person does, the preparation needed for that career, and the person’s feelings about the career Chapter 9

  10. SAMPLE QUESTIONS FOR AN INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEW • How did you get your current job? • In what ways do you find your work most satisfying? What are your main frustrations? • What tasks and activities are required in your work? • What are the most important qualifications for working in this field? • What advice would you give a young person who is thinking about this type of work? Chapter 9

  11. Warm-Up • What was the most surprising information you learned about your career from the research? What information did you already know? What information was new for you? Chapter 9

  12. Networking • The process of talking to other people about their job • Not limited to people you know • Contacts can provide support when you start work Chapter 9

  13. GROWTH CAREER AREAS • Geographic influences • Mobility: the willingness and ability of a person to move where jobs are located. • Locational unemployment occurs when jobs are available in one place but go unfilled because qualified people live elsewhere. • Economic and industry trends • service fields are expected to have most employment potential Chapter 9

  14. PERSONAL ASSESSMENT • Interests: the activities that give you satisfaction. • Examples: reading, computers, shopping Chapter 9

  15. Values • Values: things that are important to you • prestige • money • power • achievement • independence • security • belonging • helping others Chapter 9

  16. Talents • A talent is a natural, inborn aptitude to do certain things. • Music • art • sports Chapter 9

  17. Ability • Ability is the quality of being able to perform a mental or physical task. • Reading • writing • computer skills • public speaking • math Chapter 9

  18. >> C H E C K P O I N T What is the difference between an interest and a talent? Chapter 9

  19. EMPLOYMENT EXPERIENCE • Work-study programs • Coop class • Part-time employment • summer or part-time work • Volunteer activities • School activities • reports or oral presentations • clubs (ex: FBLA or Student Council) Chapter 9

  20. SOURCES OF AVAILABLE JOBS • The media: newspaper ads • Personal contacts: school counselors or business teachers • Business contacts: visit businesses and ask about openings • Career fairs: at schools in the community • Employment agencies Chapter 9

  21. Warm-Up • Make a list of your talents and abilities. Specify whether you believe each one is strong or weak. Indicate how you might use your strengths in career planning. Also tell what actions you might take to improve your weak areas. Chapter 9

  22. Personal Data Sheet Application Resume Cover Letter references Career portfolio Key Terms Chapter 8

  23. Example Sentence Because of lack of sales, Ford had to downsize its manufacturing staff Definition: Planned reduction in number of employees to reduce costs Downsizing How it relates to me: Due to the downsizing at Rantoul Products, my uncle lost his job Chapter 8

  24. APPLICATION ACTIVITIES • Personal data sheet: summary of your important job-related information • education • work experience • references • Application form asks for information related to employment. Chapter 9

  25. Resume • A summary of your education, experience, and skills Chapter 9

  26. RESUME • Personal information • Career objective • Education • Experience • Career-related honors and other activities Chapter 9

  27. References • References: a list of people who can give a report about your character, education, and work habits. • Previous Employers • Co-workers • Teachers • Coaches • Minister/Youth Pastors • ASK Them First!!! Chapter 9

  28. Warm-Up • What industry is expected to have the greatest employment potential? • Name three ways you can obtain career oriented abilities? • What is the process of talking to people about their jobs? • What are values? • What is talent? Chapter 9

  29. ACTION VERBS FOR RESUMES AND COVER LETTERS Chapter 9

  30. Activity • Let’s say your work experience is babysitting….how can you make these duties/tasks sound better for a resume • Play games with kids • Feed the kids • Keep the kids safe Chapter 9

  31. Career portfolio • Provides tangible evidence of your ability and skills. Chapter 9

  32. CAREER PORTFOLIO • Resume, cover letter, and answers to sample interview questions • Sample reports, presentation materials, and research findings from school projects • Web site designs, creative works from school activities or previous employment such as ads, packages, and promotions • News articles of community activities or other experiences in which you have participated • Letters of recommendation Chapter 9

  33. APPLICATION COVER LETTER • Cover letter: expresses your interest in a specific job. • Used to obtain an interview. • Usually includes 3 main sections: • Introduction • Development • Conclusion Chapter 9

  34. Scenario • Shondra Keller graduated from RTHS in 2004, and received an associates degree in nursing from Parkland college in May 2007. She worked at Champaign County Nursing home from October 2004 – July 2006 as a CNA and She also worked at Carle Hospital as a nurse from May 2007 to now. She has good communciation, computer, and math skills. She also voluteers at Crisis Nursery and plays adult league softball. Chapter 9

  35. >> C H E C K P O I N T What is the purpose of a cover letter? Chapter 9

  36. ONLINE APPLICATION PROCESS • Online applications: many organizations allow you to apply online • Cyber interviewing: sometimes used to screen applicants Chapter 9

  37. >> C H E C K P O I N T How is the Internet used in the job application process? Chapter 9

  38. LESSON 9-4Securing a Job Goals • Describe activities involved in the interview process. • Compare factors to consider when accepting a job offer. • Identify attitudes and actions for success on the job. Chapter 9

  39. Key Terms • employment interview • mentor • exit interview Chapter 9

  40. Warm-Up • You are about to go to a job interview. What are some of the things you will do to prepare for the interview? • Please write complete sentences. Chapter 9

  41. THE INTERVIEW PROCESS • Employment interview: face-to-face meeting with a potential employer to learn about the job and to see if you are a good fit. Chapter 9

  42. (continued) BEFORE YOU INTERVIEW • Things to remember • Practice questions • Plan questions to ask • Be on time for the appointment. • Go alone to the interview. • Dress properly • Get rid of bad habbits Chapter 9

  43. DURING THE INTERVIEW • Answer each question completely • Avoid talking too much • Make good eye contact • Stay calm • Thank the interviewer Chapter 9

  44. COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS • Education and Training • What qualifies you for this job? • Why are you interested in this company? • What activities have helped you to expand your interests and knowledge? Chapter 9

  45. (continued) COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS • Work and Other Experience • In what situations have you done your best work? • Describe the supervisors who motivated you most. • Which of your past accomplishments are you most proud of? • Describe people with whom you have found it difficult to work? Chapter 9

  46. (continued) COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS • Personal Qualities • What are your major strengths and weaknesses? • What have you done to overcome these? • What do you plan to be doing five or ten years from now? • Which individuals have had the greatest influence on you? Chapter 9

  47. Warm-Up • Name at least four ways to dress appropriately for an interview. • What “bad” habit(s) do you think you have that you need to get rid of before you interview? Chapter 9

  48. >> Warm-Up Other than salary, what factors should a person consider when accepting a job? Chapter 9

  49. Warm-Up • Why is it important to “dress for success” for an job interview? • What are some other important preparations you can do for an interview and why are they important? Chapter 9

  50. Warm-Up • What things can you do to be successful when you are hired for a job? Come up with at least three things. • Write in complete sentences. Chapter 9