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The Northwest Coast People

The Northwest Coast People

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The Northwest Coast People

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  1. The Northwest Coast People

  2. Location/Geography • Pacific Coast of Canada (from Oregon to Alaska) • Climate is very mild and rainy: cool summers and warm/mild winters

  3. Haida

  4. Shelter • Lived in longhouses similar to the Iroquois, but notice the different color and art • Made of wood and lasted many years

  5. Food Northwest coast people were mainly fishermen and ate salmon, cod, and other seafood For meat, the people hunted deer and other land animals There were lots of berries to eat The men hunted and fished, and the women prepared the food

  6. Does this fish look similar to something at our school?

  7. Transportation • Used canoes on rivers and lakes and longboats to travel by sea

  8. Seasons • Winter • In large permanent villages • Making/repairing tools • Living on stored food Barry Tate • Spring/Summer/Fall • Living at various food collection sites – shellfish, salmon • Trading with other groups • Raiding

  9. Society - Clans Clarence Mills Raven Corey Bullpitt Eagle

  10. Caste system • Unlike the Plains or Iroquois, the Northwest coast people lived in a very strict social system which they were born into: 1) The Chief (leader) 2) noblemen (Chief’s assistants) 3) fishermen, common people 4) slaves

  11. Potlatch ceremony • The potlatch ceremony was a way to show off status (or gain face) • Sometimes participants would wear masks. They perform dances, and bring food and gifts to give away

  12. Northwest coast art • Northwest coast people built large totem poles carved from wood

  13. More totem poles

  14. Totem pole raising

  15. Masks • Masks were worn during special ceremonies, such as the potlatch

  16. Northwest Coast People Vocabulary: Caste System – A social system of different classes based on birth, rank, and wealth. Totem Pole – Tall wooden poles carved to tell a story or have some religious significance Taboo – a custom or tradition that must be followed. Making things sacred or evil. Potlatch – Giant gathering, which often lasted for days, where people from other villages were invited to feast, sing, dance, tell stories and receive gifts. Guests were sat according to rank.