Cyberinfrastructure Frameworkfor 21st Century Science & Engineering (CIF21) NSF-wide Cyberinfrastructure Vision People, Sustainability, Innovation, Integration 1
Framing the QuestionScience is Radically Revolutionized by CI • Modern science • Data- and compute-intensive • Integrative • MultiscaleCollaborations for Complexity • Individuals, groups, teams, communities • Must Transition NSF CI approach to support • Integrative, multiscale • 4 centuries of constancy, 4 decades 109-12 change!
Some observations • Science and Scholarship are team sports • Competitiveness and success will come to those who can put together the best team, and can marshal the best resources and capabilities • Collaboration/partnerships will change significantly • Growth of dynamic coalitions and virtual organizations • International collaboration will become even more important • Ownership of data plus low cost fuels growth and number of data systems • Growth in both distributed systems and local systems • More people want to access more data • Federation and interoperability become more important
More observations • Innovation and discovery will be driven by analysis • Mining vast amounts of new and disparate data • Collaboration and sharing of information • Mobility and personal control will continue to drive innovation and research communities • Gaming, virtual worlds, social networks will continue to transform the way we do science, research and education • The Internet has collapsed six degrees of separation and is creating a world with two or three degrees.
Cyberinfrastructure Ecosystem (CIF21) Organizations Universities, schools Government labs, agencies Research and Medical Centers Libraries, Museums Virtual Organizations Communities Scientific Instruments Large Facilities, MREFCs,,telescopes Colliders, shake Tables Sensor Arrays - Ocean, environment, weather, buildings, climate. etc Expertise Research and Scholarship Education Learning and Workforce Development Interoperability and operations Cyberscience Discovery Collaboration Education Data Databases, Data repositories Collections and Libraries Data Access; storage, navigation management, mining tools, curation, privacy Computational Resources Supercomputers Clouds, Grids, Clusters Visualization Compute services Data Centers Networking Campus, national, international networks Research and experimental networks End-to-end throughput Cybersecurity Software Applications, middleware Software development and support Cybersecurity: access, authorization, authentication Maintainability, sustainability, and extensibility
CIF21 – a metaphor • A goal of Virtual Proximity –-- “ you are one with your resources” • Continue to collapse the barrier of distance and remove geographic location as an issue • ALL resources (including people) are virtually present, accessible and secure • End-to-end integrated resources • Science, discovery, innovation, education are the metrics An organizing fabric and foundation for science, engineering and education
High Speed Networking Requirements • Scientific Instruments • Blue Waters, LHC, OOI, etc • Square Kilometer Array, LSST, NEON • Data Tsunami Interconnectivity • Massive data centers and globally distributed data collections • Campus Department DNS sequencers (1 TB/ min) • Interoperability and open access critical • International Connections • More high speed links to Europe, Asia, S. America • New connections to Africa, Middle-East • End-to-End Focus • Dramatically increase desktop-to-resource performance • Seamless links to all cyberinfrastructure resources
Data Storage Challenges Square Kilometer Array Bytes per day (log scale) Climate Climate Climate Genomics Blue Waters LHC LHC Genomics LHC Genomics 2012 2015 2020
Data Storage Challenges Square Kilometer Array Bytes per day (log scale) Climate Climate Climate Genomics Blue Waters LHC LHC Genomics LHC Genomics Network Connectivity 2012 2015 2020
Some Networking Infrastructure Research Issues • Major Scientific Facility Connections • Significant increased connection speeds required for new scientific instruments and facilities • High Performance End-User Access • Significant increases required for desktop-to-resource connections • At-speed and real-time capability • Information throughput is the metric • Experimental Research Networks • Multi layer, hybrid networks to handle increasingly complex traffic and workflows • Cybersecurity needs to be built-in from the outset • Digital Divide issues • Geographically remote, rural areas, community colleges, etc • On campus and off campus capabilities