Progressivism under Taftand Wilson SWBAT: Homework: Do Now: Study for Vocab Quiz
Who is William Howard Taft? • Republican. • Started out as Roosevelt’s secretary of war and best friend. • Roosevelt hand picks him to run for president. • Elected president in 1908 after Roosevelt promises NOT to run for a 3rdterm. • Looked to consolidate Roosevelt’s reforms, not expand them. • Not particularly well-liked by progressives.
First, he angers the Progressives • Taft campaigned on a platform to lowering tariffs- a progressive goal. • Tariff: tax places on imported/exported goods. • Payne-Aldrich Tariff: • House proposes the Payne Bill: lowered rates on imported goods. • Senate proposes the Aldrich Bill: increased rated on imported goods. • Compormise? Payne-Aldrich Tariff • Lowered some rates, but increased many more. • Progressives consider Taft a sellout.
Next he angers Conservationists • Appointment of Richard Balinger as secretary of the interior. • Took 1 million acres off the forest reserve list and opened them up for public use. • Balinger fired an employee who protested his actions and Taft sided with Balinger.
Result? • The Republican Party splits. • One side: Progressive Republicans • Other side: Those who were not • Teddy Roosevelt returns and wants to fix the split. • He decides to run for a third term under the Progressive Party or Bull Moose Party. • Supported suffrage • Workers compensation • Federal law against child labor
One of the ugliest races in history Anti-Roosevelt Political Cartoon Anti-Taft Political Cartoon
The Election of 1912 • Republican Party: William Howard Taft • Progressive Party: Teddy Roosevelt • Democrat: Woodrow Wilson • Given what you know about the Progressive Party, what do you predict was the outcome?
The Election Results • Split lead to the election of democrat Woodrow Wilson as president in 1912. Democrat Progressive Republican
Result? • Democrat Woodrow Wilson is elected into office.