LECTURE METHOD MRS. MALATHI K (LECTURER)
DEFINITION……. • Lecture is a teaching activity where by the teacher presents the content in a comprehensible manner by explaining the facts, principles and relationships during which the teacher is expected to elicit student participation by employing appropriate technique.
PURPOSES OF LECTURES • To motivate and guide in hunting knowledge. • To provide structured knowledge • To arouse students interest in a subject • Introduce students to new areas of learning • To clarify difficult concepts • To assist in preparing students for a discussion • To promote critical thinking
LECTURING TECHNIQUES • Voluntary dissemination of information and spontaneity • Voice gradation and voice quality • Adequate pacing • Proper body language
Contd... • Control annoying mannerisms • Judicious use of audio visual aids
Contd... • Elicit feedback from the students • Time management
Principles of aim: - lecture is based on aim, nobody likes aimless lecture. Even the best teacher will fail if his lecture is not based on some objectives.
Principles of activity If you want to learn a thing you have to actively participate.
Principles of correlation The subject matter of the topic which is sort to be taught should be well planned.
Principles of looking ahead Good lecture is always prognostic on the basis of the past experiences of a teacher; certain predictors are made about the future of the child.
Good lecture needs effective preparation The lecturer has to be prepared physically, socially, emotionally and spiritually to enable him to take the lecture.
PLANNING A LECTURE An effective lecture is composed of ‘3’ components • INTRODUCTION • BODY • CONCLUSION
GUIDELINES FOR A TEACHER FOR LECTURE • Maintain good eye contact. • Maintain a high degree of enthusiasm • Speak in natural ,conversational voice • Emphasize important points by the use of gestures, repetition and variation in voice inflection. • Check learners comprehension carefully throughout the presentation by watching the facial expressions and by questioning
CONTD... • Instruct on the class level. Use words,explanations,questions and the like,direction to the needs of the average learner in the class • Stimulate learners to think. • Provide examples to link the subject matter to the lives ofthe learners. • Sequence the content logically, systemattically and sequentially building upon prevoius content areas.
Contd.. • Avoid being prescriptive and try to be provocative. • Maintain time stipulations. • A diverse range of institutional materials can be used to support the content such as slides,charts,posters,flannel and so on
ADVANTAGES • Most economical method of teaching. • Lecture stimulate the students and promote thinking process. • Lecture enhances listening capacity of students. • It can be employed to meet the learning needs of any group of students.
DISADVANTAGES • The lecture is time consuming . • The lecture provides little student activity. • The lecture is not readily analysed and summarised by the student. • The lecture is sometimes poorly adapted to the perceptive ability of students. • The learner is likely to become a sustained dictation exercise.