Basic life support Dr. EmadLotfy Lecturer of Anesthesiology
1-Early recognition prevents: • Cardiac arrests and deaths. • Admissions to ICU. • Inappropriate resuscitation attempts. 2-Early CPR. 3-Early defibrillation. 4-Post resuscitation care.
Cardiac arrest • Definition of cardiac arrest: • sudden cessation of effective pumping action of the heart. • Diagnosis: absent pulse in a big artery, apnea, pallor, loss of consciousness
BASIC LIFE SUPPORT( BLS) • CHECK: Scene, victim • CALL : EMS, 123. • CARE: • A: Airway • B: Breathing • C: Circulation
Figure 8. Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the victim’s chest
Figure 10. Interlock the fingers of your hands. Figure 11. Press down on the sternum 4—5 cm.
Figure 12. After 30 compressions open the airway again using head tilt and chin lift.
Figure 13. Blow steadily into his mouth whilst watching for his chest to rise.
Figure 14. Take your mouth away from the victim and watch for his chest to fall.
The Heimlich maneuver can be performed with the victim standing (A) or lying down (B). The hands are positioned slightly above the navel and well below the xiphoid process and then pressed into the abdomen with a quick upward thrust. The maneuver may need to be repeated.