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  1. SOLD Paula McCormick

  2. Human Trafficking Review Human Trafficking VC Trafficking Awareness stats Country Study- as groups Pgs. 3-5 Pg. 6 Pg. 7

  3. Abraham Lincoln1863 Vs. MLK 1964 Emancipation Proclamation -freed slaves but did not end Slavery. It was symbolic of a Beginning step in the fight for Freedom.

  4. Modern day Is there slavery today? -stories 1. What human rights were taken away from the survivor? 2. What made the person in the reading vulnerable to human Trafficking? 3. What other people might be vulnerable to human trafficking?

  5. Nepal video47 minutes/fill out worksheet

  6. Define Human trafficking Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or, The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

  7. Terms to know Force: using violence to control someone Coercion: using threats to controls someone Fraud: using lies to control someone

  8. What is a person worth? How is a person’s worth determined? “In the 1800s a slave/trafficked individual cost $40,000. In 2010 a slave/trafficked individual costs _____________. Why has the amount decreased over so much time? Why is a person today only worth on average $90?

  9. Officer Legge • Runaway • Stunted growth • Lying about age, fake IDs/No ID • Multiple pregnancies • Tattooing, branding • Hotel room keys • Truancy • STIs, dating older men • Broken bones, malnutrition, rotting teeth What can you do? List of ways/signs to identify a possible victim of slavery

  10. Get educated! • Get educated and tell others • Watch for ways/signs to identify possible victims • Use talents to raise awareness for the voiceless • In n out example

  11. Express your feelingsQUIZ • Jenna is 13 years old. She loves to pain and listen to her music. She grew up in a Michigan suburb. While Jenna was at the mall with friends last summer, a middle-aged man told her, “you’re beautiful.” Flattered, she stopped to chat. 10 months later, the police reunited Jenna with her parents due to a tip from a person who knew the signs of human trafficking. She was found bruised and drugged in a basement-brothel where she had been forced to have sex with 8-10 men a day. Jenna has a long process of healing ahead of her, but due to the action of a person who recognized the signs, Jenna’s life was saved and she has a hopeful future. Express feelings, acquired knowledge, plan of action (poem, essay, journal entry, song, drawing, collage

  12. Modern day slavery (5:13) Discuss. Work with groups for countries where slavery is taking place. RESEARCH.

  13. SoldpatriciamCCORMICK

  14. setting TIME: Around winter, in the 21st century PlACE: Real CULTURAL SETTING : India ATMOSPHERE, MOOD: Sad SPECIFIC DETAILS: Happiness house

  15. About Sold SETTING: Nepal: POPULATION: 30,986,97 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Nepali, English RELIGION: Hindu/Buddhism Home to the Himalayan Mountains

  16. ALYSSA

  17. Sold • • On your Bellwork worksheet, write your thoughts about the audio recording above. Be as detailed as possible. Write your response using at least 3 sentences.

  18. Sold • • Similarities/Differences to America • What are 3 similarities or differences that you learned today about Nepali culture from American culture?

  19. Food in India • Most Indians do not eat beef as the animal is venerated in Hinduism. • The cow is considered to be a sacred animal because people consume its milk. • Yogurt is a common food of India. • Lassis, made of yogurt, spices, and fruit, are common drinks.

  20. Clothing in India • Men wear the sherwani, which is a knee-length garment similar to a coat. • Women wear saris , an article of clothing that is draped around the body. • Women also wear a salvarkameez, which is a long tunic worn over a pair of trousers.

  21. Indian Social Customs • Why do you often see an Indian woman with a red dot on her forehead? • The “dot” is called a bindi. • In older times, the red dot was a symbol of a woman’s marriage. • Bindis today are worn throughout South Asia by women and girls and no longer signify age, marital status, religious background or ethnic affiliation. • The bindi has become a decorative item and is no longer restricted in colour or shape.

  22. Gender in India • How do Indian men and women behave in their social context? • Indians usually maintain a social distance with members of the opposite sex (about an arm's length away). • If you observe a step backward when you stand too close to Indians friends, it probably does not mean that you have bad breath, it may mean that you have invaded their personal space. • Affection in public is avoided between even husband and wife.

  23. Economics in India • India is defined by a caste system • social hierarchy is very important • also very restrictive • Poverty in India is widespread, as India is estimated to have a third of the world's poor. • Causes of poverty in India • large population • low literacy (ability to read) • the caste system in India also makes changing one’s social class difficult • the role of women in Indian society - compared to boys, far fewer girls are enrolled in the schools, and many of them drop out in order to work to make money.

  24. Economics in India • India is defined by a caste system • social hierarchy is very important

  25. Religion • Most Indians practice Hinduism • Oldest living religion • Over 1 billion followers • Religious Beliefs • No eternal hell / no damnation • Each soul is free to find his own way • Life is cyclical and God recreates

  26. Marriage in India • Traditionally, Hindu parents look for a prospective match for their son/daughter from their own community also known as arranged marriage. • Failure to arrange a match for a daughter is a source of stress and sometimes shame for the family. • In many south Asian countries, the bride’s family is expected to pay a dowry to the husband’s family. • Dowry = money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage. • One of the basic functions of a dowry has been to serve as a form of protection for the wife against the possibility of ill treatment by her husband and his family. • If a woman’s family cannot provide a dowry, their daughter may not be able to marry, causing shame to the family.

  27. Hinduism in Daily Life • Hindus are generously tolerant of other faiths. • karma = the law of cause and effect by which each individual creates his own destiny by his thoughts, words and deeds. • Reincarnation = soul reincarnates, evolving through many births until all karmas have been resolved, and moksha, liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained. Not a single soul will be deprived of this destiny. • Hindus prefer cremation of the body upon death, rather than burial, believing that the soul lives on and will inhabit a new body on Earth. • Hindus believe that all life is sacred, to be loved and revered, and therefore practice ahimsa, noninjury / nonviolence.

  28. Nepal – where the story begins • At the beginning of the novel, Lakshmi lives in rural, mountainous Nepal, which is a small country in South Asia.

  29. Lakshmi • Lakshmi, the main character, is named after the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. • Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of wealth, prosperity (both material and spiritual), light, wisdom, fortune, fertility, generosity and courage; and the embodiment of beauty, grace and charm.

  30. Lakshmi Vs Mumtaz Mumtaz bought Lakshmi and made her a prostitute, started whole complication Lakshmi was forced by Mumtaz to do things she didn’t want to do.

  31. Lakshmi Vs Herself When Lakshmi was sold, she was forced to mature She had to pretend to be happy, even though things were tough She had to force herself to do things she didn’t want to do but had to, to survive. She began to give up on caring about herself

  32. Lakshmi Caring, Sad, Shy, Hopeful, Responsible, Brave, Determined, Shy, Intelligent, Trusting.

  33. Sold • Written in Vignettes • Vignettes short impressionistic scene that focuses on one moment or gives an impression about a character, idea, setting, or object.

  34. Mumtaz Selfish, Demanding, Rude, Tricky, Stubborn, Aggressive, Organized, Bossy, Disrespectful, Mean

  35. Harish Giving, Happy, Hard-working, Kind, Thoughtful, Compassionate, Generous, Friendly

  36. Ama Caring, Patient, Loving, Accepting, Forgiving, Unselfish, Hard-working, Wise, Passive, Loyal

  37. The step-father Selfish, Rude, Materialistic, Unfair, Stubborn, Disagreeable, Unhelpful,

  38. Other characters • ● BajaiSita- Bajaj Sita is the shopkeeper who the stepfather sells Lakshmi to. • ● Auntie Bilma- Auntie Bilma is the woman who leads Lakshmi to the new city, then sells her to Uncle. • ● Uncle- Uncle is the man who brings Lakshmi into India, then sells her to mumtaz. • ● The girls in the happiness house- they are the ones who explain to Lakshmi what the happiness house is, and become some of Lakshmi’s only friends.

  39. Pertinent passages • Page 102 ¨We go up some stairs, down another hallway, then into a room where an old man is lying on a bed. His skin is yellow and he has tufts of hair poking out of his ears. Mumtaz speaks kindly to him and I wonder if he is sick¨

  40. Pertinent passages • Page 182 ¨Then he hands me a pencil. It is shiny and yellow and it smells of lead and rubber. And possibility¨

  41. Pertinent passages • Page 91 ¨At home, these girls would be up at dawn to do their chores, not sleeping in their festival clothes until the midday meal¨

  42. connections • Page 68 ¨It is like a river, where the currents of buses and trucks and people and animals flow into and around each other¨

  43. connections • Page 178 ¨It doesn’t matter, of course. Because no one will want me now¨

  44. Tin roof The significance of the tin roof in the book means protection for Lakshmi and her family. "A tin roof means that the family has a father who doesn't gamble away the landlord's money playing cards in the tea shop. A tin roof means the family has a son working at the brick kiln in the city. A tin roof means that when the rains come, the fire stays lit and the baby stay healthy" (Page 1)

  45. Daughter The importance of the word 'daughter' that's in the book, that takes place in India, women is inferior to men and being a daughter basically says that you're worthless and is only useful for a certain amount of time and after they've done their job, they're basically useless. Lakshmi's step-father compared daughters to a goat. "Good as long as she gives you milk and butter. But not worth crying over when it's time to make stew" (Page 8)

  46. Sold Lakshmi, not knowing that she's being sold, helped her family is get 800 rupees (approx $17CDN) and thinks her family is now rich thinking Ama can finally have a taste of Coca Cola that only the headman's wife can afford and the best of all, a tin roof. Not knowing that her step-father is probably going to use all that money for his own selfish needs and also not knowing something horrible is awaiting her for her new found job.

  47. Patricia McCormick • Born May 23, 1956 • American journalist • Two time finalist for National Book Award • Published Sold in 2006

  48. Background info Patricia McCormick Research To research Sold, Patricia traveled to India and Nepal, where she interviewed girls who has been rescued from the sex trade. Each year, nearly 12,000 Nepali girls are sold by their families, both intentionally and unwillingly, into a life of sexual slavery in the brothels of India.