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AP World History - Architectural Review

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AP World History - Architectural Review

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  1. AP World History - Architectural Review

  2. AP Test-Taking Tips • Days before the test • Review content material and the guidelines for essay writing • 50% of the test is multiple-choice • 50% of the test is 3 essay questions • Make sure you know the nuances of each question • Get a good night’s sleep. Do not stay up late cramming. • Eat breakfast. It is a long test. • Day of the test • Be in M 040 (by library) by 7:40. Don’t run in at the last moment. • Bring pencils, blue or black ink pens, and a watch • Relax when you get there. Be confident that you know the material. Start focusing on task at hand.

  3. AP Test-taking Tips • Multiple-Choice Tips • No penalty for guessing • Answer the easiest questions FIRST • Fill out the answer sheet as you go Essay Tips • Use the 10 minute prewriting time on the DBQ documents. • Answer your best essay question first. Save the worst question for last. • Pace yourself. You do NOT have to switch questions after 40 minutes. You should be close to the recommended time. • Use a watch to keep track of your own time if you plan to spend more time on an essay (e.g. 60 minutes on the DBQ).

  4. Bantu Migrations (c.500 BCE-1000 CE) What knowledge spread with the Bantus?

  5. The Spread of Islam (630-1700)

  6. Viking Migrations (9th -11th centuries)

  7. The Mongol Invasions (13th-15th centuries)

  8. Forced Migration

  9. Forced Migration The Trail of Tears, 1838

  10. Migration due to religious persecutionDiaspora

  11. Current Migrations

  12. Global Migration

  13. Angkor Wat A temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, Southeast Asia, early 12th century. Dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu.

  14. Machu Picchu Incan citadel built about 1450 on a mountain ridge in Peru.

  15. Sophia Hagia, Istanbul, TurkeyFormerly Constantinople Famous cathedral built by Emperor Justinian and famous for its massive dome. It is the epitome of Byzantine architecture. Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 and Sophia Hagia was converted into a mosque.

  16. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal is elegant Mughal architecture, a combination of Persian, Ottoman, Indian and Islamic styles. Completed about 1653 by Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor, as a mausoleum for his wife.

  17. Borobudur, a Buddhist stupa in the Mahayana tradition, is the largest Buddhist monument in the world. Located on the Indonesian island of Java (Southeast Asia), Borobudur was built between 750 and 850 AD.

  18. Córdoba was the capital of the Spanish Muslim dynasty of the Ummayads (756-1031). The Great Mosque of Córdoba was founded 785 CE. It was added to and expanded over the next two hundred years to make it the third largest structure in the Islamic world.

  19. Mud-brick mosques found in African savanna states such as Jenne and Timibuktu. Shows acceptance of Islam by merchant and ruling classes in the 13th and 14th centuries.

  20. CatalHuyukCatalHuyuk was a Neolithic village in Anatolia (Turkey). People in the village were thought to have had an egalitarian lifestyle with no apparent social classes because no houses are evident with features belonging to royalty or a religious hierarchy. Designed for protection with no doors and high windows. One entered through rooftops and ladders could be pulled up for added protection when under attack or threat. No streets in this village – rooftop used to travel from area to area.

  21. Roman AqueductUse of arch and cement to carry water from mountains to Roman cities – built throughout Roman Empire

  22. Colosseum - Rome, ItalyAmphitheatre built between 70 and 80 CESite of gladiatorial games and other entertainments

  23. Yucatan Peninsula, MexicaoChichen Itza pyramid of the Maya built about 9th century CE as astronomical center

  24. Parthenon, Greecea temple of the Greek goddess Athena built between 447 BCE and 438 BCE

  25. Great Wall of ChinaBuilt by first emperor of China Qin Shi Huangdi 220-206 BCE

  26. From mosque Madrasa Imami in Isfahan 1354 CEMihrab niche showing direction of Mecca in mosque, decorated with caligraphy and mosaics, geometric and floral patterns

  27. Dome of the RockIslamic shrine in Jerusalem (built 691 CE); its foundation rock is the holiest site in Judaism;

  28. Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, ItalyPainted by Michelangelo during Renaissance, 1508-1512 CE

  29. Famous Revolutionary #1 • Leader of the Bolshevik party in Russia • Seized control of Russia in October 1917 • Revolutionary ideas • Proletariat-based revolution • Land redistribution • New Economic Policy (NEP) • Spread Communism to other regions • Comintern

  30. Famous Revolutionary #2 • Creole from South America • Inspired by the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions • Revolutionary ideas • Gained independence for most of northern South America • Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, & Bolivia • Hoped to unify northern South America into Gran Columbia

  31. Famous Revolutionary #3 • Became leader of the Communist Party in China after the Long March • Gained power after a successful revolution in 1949 • Revolutionary ideas • Peasant-based revolution • Great Leap Forward • Cultural Revolution • Attempted to minimize the influence of Confucianism

  32. Famous Revolutionary #4 • Proposed reforms for the Catholic Church in his Ninety-five Theses • Revolutionary ideas • Believed faith alone would get people into heaven • The Bible was the final source for Christian teachings • Printing press spread his ideas across Northern Europe

  33. Famous Revolutionary #5 • Muslim fundamentalist • Opposed the reforms of Shah Reza Pahlavi in Iran • Became leader of Iran in 1979 • Revolutionary ideas • Anti-Western reforms • Banned western movies, books, & music • Strict adherence to Muslim laws & traditions

  34. Famous Revolutionary #6 • Born in India in the 6th century BCE • Member of the warrior caste • Claimed to be “the enlightened one” • Revolutionary ideas • Ultimate goal is nirvana • Anybody of any caste or gender could achieve nirvana • Four Noble Truths • Eightfold Path

  35. Famous Revolutionary #7 • Indian lawyer and member of the Indian National Congress • Revolutionary ideas • Satyagraha or non-violent resistance • Salt March in 1931 • Organized boycotts of British goods • Demanded Indian independence • Assassinated in 1948

  36. Famous Revolutionary #8 • Born in Palestine during the 1st century BCE • Attempted to reform Judaism • Revolutionary ideas • Only two commandments • Love God; Love your neighbor • Followers believed he was the son of God • Called him the Messiah • Crucified for his teachings

  37. Famous Revolutionary #9 • English mathematician and physicist • Revolutionary ideas • Laws of the heavens are true on Earth • Universal gravity • Three laws of motion • Made significant discoveries in optics & calculus • Influenced deism

  38. Famous Revolutionary #10 • Freed slave who helped lead a revolt against white settlers in Haiti • Educated and familiar with Enlightenment ideas & the American Revolution • Revolutionary ideas • Slaves were equal to whites • Slaves could govern themselves • Arrested and died in prison

  39. #1 – Vladimir Lenin • Leader of the Bolshevik party in Russia • Seized control of Russia in October 1917 • Revolutionary ideas • Proletariat-based revolution • Land redistribution • New Economic Policy (NEP) • Spread communism to other regions • Comintern

  40. #2 – Simon Bolivar • Creole from South America • Inspired by the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions • Revolutionary ideas • Gained independence for most of northern South America • Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, & Bolivia • Hoped to unify northern South America into Gran Columbia

  41. #3 – Mao Zedong • Became leader of the Communist Party in China after the Long March • Gained power after a successful revolution in 1949 • Revolutionary ideas • Peasant-based revolution • Great Leap Forward • Cultural Revolution • Attempted to minimize the influence of Confucianism

  42. #4 – Martin Luther • Proposed reforms for the Catholic Church in his Ninety-five Theses • Revolutionary ideas • Believed faith alone would get people into heaven • The Bible was the final source for Christian teachings • Printing press spread his ideas across Northern Europe

  43. #5 – Ayatollah Khomeini • Muslim fundamentalist • Opposed the reforms of Shah Reza Pahlavi in Iran • Became leader of Iran in 1979 • Revolutionary ideas • Anti-Western reforms • Banned western movies, books, & music • Strict adherence to Muslim laws & traditions

  44. #6 - Buddha • Born in India in the 6th century BCE • Member of the warrior caste • Claimed to be “the enlightened one” • Revolutionary ideas • Ultimate goal is nirvana • Anybody of any caste or gender could achieve nirvana • Four Noble Truths • Eightfold Path