Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Introduction to Classification PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Introduction to Classification

Introduction to Classification

80 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Introduction to Classification

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Introduction to Classification

  2. I. Introduction What istaxonomy?  The branch of biology that groups organisms based on common characteristics. Why do scientists classify? Over 1.5 million species have been identified. Biologists classify to organize and study these organisms.

  3. I. Classification Systems • A. Aristotle (almost 2000 years ago)  grouped organisms into two groups: Animals Plants Grouped based on the differences in stems Ex. woody vs. herbaceous Grouped based on general habitat Ex. land, air, or water dwellers

  4.  Was Aristotle’s grouping system adequate?  Problems with the system…

  5. I. Classification Systems • Carolus Linnaeus (mid 1700’s)  • grouped organisms into seven levels ranging from general to specific: Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

  6. Acronyms…

  7. Example: • Human Being = Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Genus: Species: Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primate Hominidae Homo Sapiens

  8. Some more examples…

  9. I. Classification Systems • Binomial Nomenclature  • The scientifc name of an organism, consists of two parts…genus & species. **Scientific name must be either underlined or italicized!** • Examples: • Ursus horriblis = • Felis domesticus = • Canis familiaris =

  10. 1 2 3

  11. III. Alternate Forms of Classification: Heterotrophic Autotrophic • Organisms that rely on outside sources for nutrients (anything that has to eat!) Organisms that can make their own food through photosynthesis (plants).

  12. Prokaryotic Eukaryotic • Simple cells that lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles • ex. bacteria • More complex cells with a true nucleus • and membrane- bound organelles • ex. plants, animals

  13. 1 2 3

  14. Dichotomous Keys A. Definition a chart consisting of a series of paired, opposite statements that help scientists to classify organisms.

  15. Head Abdomen Some practice…what is it? A pseudoscorpion!

  16. 1 2 3