1 / 33


ASL GRAMMAR. Why do I have to point twice?. Pointing back to yourself or to the person you’re talking about shows completion of a train of thought. This allows someone to start signing without interrupting you.

Télécharger la présentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript


  2. Why do I have to point twice? • Pointing back to yourself or to the person you’re talking about shows completion of a train of thought. • This allows someone to start signing without interrupting you. • Using deixis (index finger) at the end of a sentence is called a closing signal. • Closing signals are important when asking questions using the Question-Maker or the WH-Face

  3. Closing Signals… • Use a closing signal when: • Making a statement or comment about yourself or someone else. • Asking a question • Examples: • YOU NAME WHAT YOU? • ME NAME KELLY ME

  4. Remember… • ASL sentences lacking closing signals are incomplete • There is no such thing as a one-word answer or reply in ASL. • When responding to a question or statement, one-word replies are incomplete.

  5. Question Maker • Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-Maker, an expression that shows you are asking a question. • Keep your eyebrows raised until you’ve completed signing the question. • Examples: • I’m going to the bathroom • Am I going to the bathroom

  6. Little Words (is, to, are) • The grammar and syntax (the order in which words are put together) of ASL is different from English. • ASL does not need “little” words because these words are already included in the sign. • Example: • THANK YOU • The verb and object are combined in the sign.

  7. Time Signs • Signs that show when something happens come first in a sentence. • Days of the week, year, last-year, etc.

  8. WH-Signs • WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY because, WHICH • These signs go at the end of a sentence! • WHO may occur at the beginning of a sentence only if it also occurs at the end.

  9. Grammatical Structures • ASL uses one of two different grammatical structures depending on what is being signed. • Topic-Comment • Subject-Verb-Object (SVO)

  10. Sentence Structure • In ASL you can choose to assemble words in your sentence in different orders, depending on the content of your conversation.

  11. Putting Nouns and Verbs Together • ASL allows you to put the subject before or after the verb when dealing with simple sentences; it doesn’t matter which word comes first. • Example: • HE SELLS • ME EAT

  12. Sentences with Direct Objects • Direct object: a word that goes after the verb and answers the question What? Or Whom? • In ASL the direct object can go before the subject or after the verb. • Example: • FOOD HE SELLS • CAR SHE DRIVES

  13. Signing Indirect Objects • Indirect objects: words that come between the verb and direct object; they indicate who or what receives the direct object. • Example: • GIRL DOG BONE THROW • ME TEACHER APPLES-me GIVE

  14. Topic-Comment In topic comment languages the signer presents information then makes the information either a statement or a question by adding a comment. • English does not use topic-comment structure often so becoming used to ASL Grammar can be a challenge.

  15. Topic-Comment • Keep in mind that while using ASL signs in English word order may be easy to do, it is no different than speaking Spanish but following English Word order- You wont make sense in either language. • Example: What you name? • Topic: you • Comment: name • YOU NAME WHAT YOU?

  16. Topic Time Place Description Comment Actor Action Sentence Structure Time + Topic + Comment

  17. Topic Comment Practice • John’s mom showed up at his apartment this morning and told him she had a surprise for him. • Sissy had to hurry to get to the university, so this morning she didn’t eat. • Jose has a really cool apartment. It is over there by the university. • See the woman over there, the tall, thin one with the blonde hair in the pink dress?

  18. Topic Comment Practice cont… • Marci’s not feeling good today. She’s hot and then cold. • I don’t know what I smell but something stinks. • Mr. Smith teaches at the High School. Wow! Was he mad today! • Today I didn’t have class so I spent all day reading a good book.

  19. Subject-Verb-Object • Use when WH-signs are not needed • More familiar to English speakers. • Why often acts as a bridge or connector between two separate SVO phrases. • When using WHY raise your eyebrows. • Example: _________neg ___^ • ME GO SCHOOL WHY? ME SICK.

  20. AND/OR • Does he want a blue or black pen? • HE WANT PEN BLUE BACK WHICH? HE • I need this one and that one. • ME NEED IX-this IX-that ME.

  21. True-Biz • Means literally

  22. ACCEPT-HARD • Too bad just accept it for what it is.

  23. FOR-FOR • Why? • What for.

  24. SEE-SEE • Oh I see! • Oh I understand.

  25. DO-DO • What are you doing? • What did you do? • What do you do?

  26. Numbers 1-5 • Numbers 1-5 always face you except when signing addresses and telephone numbers.

  27. INSIDE • The sign inside is a literal sign that means to be inside of. • Avoid using it when signing IN December or IN the future.

  28. Compound Signs • Many words in ASL are compound signs. • Two separate signs that are combined to make an additional meaning. • Example: parents, sunny, grandparents

  29. Listing & Ordering • Making a visual list of information such as names or ages is called listing. • The non-dominant hand forms a list with each new bit of information signed by the dominant hand. • Example: • Marc is the first, I’m the 2nd, and Lila is the 3rd child.

  30. Fixing Mistakes • Mistakes are guaranteed to happen, whether you are fluent in a language or not. • The most common ways to fix a mistake are: • Oops • Slip-mind • Um, uh • Wave-no

  31. Pronouns and Number • Use the ASL pronoun that shows the particular number of people being talked about whenever possible. • When the exact number is unknown use the general pronouns we, us, or they.

  32. Pronouns • General Pronoun: We, Us (up to 8) • You and I, Us three, the four of us. • General Pronoun: you (plural) • You two, you three, the four of you • General Pronoun: they, them, those • These two, those three, the four of them.

  33. Pronoun Drill • Those four • You and me • You three • You and her • These five • You, me, and him • She and I • Two of them • Us two

More Related