ASL Continuum Sarah Funke
Why is there a continuum? • The range from ASL to English is based on the influence of English on ASL • The upbringing of Deaf children and adults influence how they sign. • The way a school teaches Deaf children may impact how they sign as an adult. If the child is brought up in a school where SEE is taught, this may effect how they sign as an adult • Interpreters need to know how to adapt and facilitate communication.
ASL • Visual gestural language used by American Deaf people. • The language is made up signs created with the hands, facial expression and body movement. • It has its own grammar and vocabulary, not related to English. • Grammar structure typically topic- comment • Originated from Old French SL during the 1820s
Signed English • Simplified English-based code • Only 14 added grammatical markers
SEE • Used to reinforce basic English morphemic structure. • Uses compound words that are more conceptually accurate and more ASL signs. • At least 70 invented signs added to the language through this system.
LOVE • Based on Seeing Essential English • Uses Stokoe Notation System ( tab-dez-sig) to codify
Rochester Method • Developed in 1878 • Every word is fingerspelled. • Sometimes used in tactile signing situations. • Some Deaf adults use this method
Cued speech • Developed in 1966 • Not a signed language • Used to visually understand lip reading • Combines 8 arbitrary handshapes and 4 locations to visually and phonetically represent English
English • Either spoken or written
Multiple choice • When might the Rochester Method be used today? • A) When you visit Rochester, NY. • B) If you have a Deaf-blind client. • C) If you are in a fingerspelling class • D) If you don’t know multiple signs during a conversation.
When might the Rochester Method be used today? • A) When you visit Rochester, NY. • B) If you have a Deaf-blind client. • C) If you are in a fingerspelling class • D) If you don’t know multiple signs during a conversation.