Intermediate 1 ESOL Grammar Modal Verbs
Modal Verbs What are modal verbs? • must • may • will • shall • can • could • would • should • might
Modal Verbs Modal verbs: • usually come before another verb I might go to the library now. • are used with the infinitive but without the ‘to’ I might go to the library now. not I might to go to the library now. He can read French. not He can to read French.
Modal Verbs How do you form a modal verb? The same form is used for all: • I/you/he/she/it/we/they can • I/you/he/she/it/we/they would • I/you/he/she/it/we/they could • I/you/he/she/it/we/they will • I/you/he/she/it/we/they might
Modal Verbs How do you form negatives? The negatives are: • cannot/can’t • will not/won’t, shall not/shan’t (usually only with I or We) • could not/couldn’t • would not/wouldn’t • should not/shouldn’t • must not/mustn’t • might not, no short form • may not, no short form
Modal Verbs How do you form questions with modal verbs? Change the word order: • She can swim. Can she swim? • He will pass the test. Will he pass the test? • I can help you. Can I help you?