Chapter 3 Future Time Delivery Drones
Will drones deliver your pizza some day? It’s possible! In New Zealand, a pizza company has already begun delivering orders by drones. Several companies around the world are going to pursue this method of delivery. Why do they want to do this? Drones fly over traffic congestion and traffic lights. When companies begin using delivery drones, they will significantly reduce distance and delivery time. At this time, many countries won’t allow drones to deliver food, but thisisprobably going to changein the near future.
Will and be going to mean the same when they make predictions about the future. Will drones deliver your pizza some day? or Are drones going to deliver your pizza some day? This is probably going to change in the near future. or This willprobably changein the near future.
Be going to is commonly in speaking used to express prior plans. Professor: What are you going to dofor your final project? Student: I’m going to research drone technology.
Use will (not be going to) to express willingness or offer to help. Use will not/won’t to express refusal. Willingness: A: What does “unarmed aerial vehicle” mean? B: I’m not sure. I’ll look it up. Refusal: Many countries won’t allow drones to deliver food.
Practice 1 Complete each sentence with be going to if you think the speaker is expressing a prior plan. If you think there is no prior plan, use will. ’m going to go • A: I _____________________ (go) a drone show at the Memorial Park at 7:00 tonight. Would you like to join me? B: Sure! I need to run a few errands first, but I __________________ (meet) you at the park entrance a little before 7:00. • A: I ____________________ (be) up all night tonight. I have a major test in my statistics class tomorrow, and I’m not prepared at all. B: I ________________________ (help) you study. I love statistics. A: Really? That’s great! I need a lot of help. I ___________________(study) at the library all evening. Could you meet me there? B: Sure, I ____________________ (call) you when I get there. ’ll meet ’m going to be ’ll help ’m going to study ’ll call
Tomorrow morning fifteen droneswill be leaving the capital of Rwanda. Where arethey going? The drones usually depart before sunrise, and by dawn they will have delivered blood and critical supplies to hospitals across rural Rwanda. A few lucky hospitals are already using drone technology for medical supplies. In the next year, Rwanda is expandingthe technology to include most of its hospitals. Drone delivery is an attractive option to hospitals for many reasons. Most hospitals cannot afford to keep every supply available. Medical drones will deliver supplies quickly when a hospital has a specific need for certain supplies. This technology will helpemergency medical personnel when it is difficult get from an accident scene to a hospital quickly enough. In the future, as soon as an emergency responder arrivesto the scene of an accident, he or she will testthe victim’s blood on the spot and send for a drone to bring the correct blood product. Will drones be delivering your medical supplies soon? It’s possible. By the end of this decade, it’s likely that many hospitals around the world will have been adopted this technology.
When the meaning of the time clause is future, the simple present tense is used. Will or be going to is not used in the time clause. Medical drones will deliver supplies quickly when a hospital has a specific need for certain supplies. As soon as an emergency responder arrivesto the scene of an accident, she will testthe victim’s blood.
The present progressive may be used to express planned events. The simple present may be used to express future events that are on a definite schedule or timetable. Planned event: In the next year, Rwanda is expandingthe technology to include most of its hospitals. Definite schedule: The drones depart before sunrise.
The future progressive expresses an activity that will be in progress at a time in the future. Tomorrow morning fifteen droneswill be leaving the capital of Rwanda. NOW drones will be leaving
The future perfect expresses an activity that will be completed before another time or event in the future. By the end of this decade, it’s likely that hospitals around the world will have been adopted drone technology. drone technology adopted around the world NOW end of this decade
Practice 2 Choose the correct verbs. • When the drone (arrives / will arrive), it will drop a parachute with supplies. • 2. The hospital staff (will be preparing / will have prepared)for the delivery at this time tomorrow. • 3. The first delivery (leaves / will have left)at 4:00 tomorrow morning. • 4. By the end of the day, the drones (will be making / will have made)over 100 deliveries. • 5. The drones (made / are making)800 deliveries next week.