Future Time • Be going to • Will • Simple Present • Present Progressive
Be + going + to + base form of verb I am + going + to + see you are he/she/it is We are They are Be going to
Negatives (difference)I am not going togo home after class today.I am not going home after class.
Future time with be going toit is used to make predictions about the future.Life is going to be different in a hundred years.
Be Going to is used to describe things we expect to happen soon. Be careful! You’re going to fall.
Be going to is used to express plans made before the moment of speaking I am going to stay home and work.
Will – ‘ll , will not – won’tWill + base form of the verbWill you go to the movies with me?
Future time with will1.it is used to make predictionswith words like: probably, certainly, definitelyThe cost of medical care will certainly rise in the next five years.
2.it is also used to make quick decisionsat the moment of speakingI am going to the supermarket now. I’ll come with you.
Future time with will • it is used to make promisesI will always love you. • It is used to make and refuse requestsWill you marry me? No, I won’t. • to make offers and express willingness to do something: • I’ll help you carry the camera.
Use be going to or will1.This letter is in French, and I don’t speak French. Can you help me?Sure. I (translate) __________ it for you.2. Do you want to go shopping with me? I (go) _____________ to the shopping mall downtown.Sure. What time do you want to leave?
3. Who wants to erase the board? Are there any volunteers?I (do) _____________ it!4. Why does he have an eraser in his hands?He (erase) ___________ the board.
Future time with Present Progressive • It is used to describe future plans made before the moment of speaking. A future time expression is usually included. • What are you doing tonight?
What are your plans for the rest of the day?What are your plans for tomorrow?
Future time with Simple Present • It describes future schedules and timetables (in class or program descriptions, in bus and train stations, and at airports. • Flight 202 departs at 9:00 PM. this evening.
Choose the correct answerThe museum is closing/closes in 15 minutes.Hurry up the bus leaves/is leaving in a few minutes.
Future time clausestell the order of two actions/situations in the futureWhen I go home, I am going to watch TV.AfterBeforeUntilAs soon asUse the simple present in the future time clause
Complete with your own words.1. When I … later this afternoon, I …2. After I … tomorrow morning, I …3. Tomorrow, I … before I …4. I … when … next year.5. As soon as class …, I’m going to …6. I’m not going to … until my friend…7. When I … tomorrow, I …8. While I’m visiting ….next week, I …
Factual and Future conditionalsThe factual conditional tells what usually happens under certain conditions. The –if clause describes the condition. The main clause tells the usual result.If I eat seafood, I get sick.
What happens if you don’t eat breakfast?What happens if you miss class?
The future conditional predicts what will happen in the future under certain conditions. The –if clause gives the condition. The main clause predicts the result.If I go to Macy’stomorrow, I’m going to buy that dress.
If it’s cold tomorrow, what are you going to wear to class?What are you going to do if you have time this weekend?
Future Progressivewill + be + ing • Talks about actions that will be in progress in the future. • At this time tomorrow, I’ll be driving to Orlando. • It is used in the main clause when there is a time clause. • I’ll be teaching while you are at the meeting.