Roanoke - 1585 • Sir Walter Raleigh. • Located near the Outer Banks in North Carolina. • Became the Lost Colony and is still a mystery today. • Speculation.
Jamestown Expedition • Council - 6 (Captains) • Preacher - 1 Sailor - 1 • Blacksmith - 1 Bricklayer - 2 • Carpenter - 6 Masons - 1 • Barber - 1 Drummer - 1 • Laborers - 13 Boys - 4 • Gentlemen - 29
Virginia Company of London secured a charter from King James I. • Original settlers were unprepared for life in a hostile environment. “Too many chiefs”. Over half of the company were “gentlemen”. • Starvation in a land of plenty. • Captain John Smith takes command.
The Algonquian tribe and Powhatan. Why was there trouble with the Indians? • Spreading the myth of white supremacy? • Beginning of the near genocide of the Native American peoples.
Tobacco In 1612, John Rolfe began cultivating tobacco. This: • Gave the colonists a cash crop that grew well in Virginia soil. • Pushed settlements westward. (Which led to ?) • Limited the prosperity of Virginia to one crop. • 1619. First black slaves sold. Significance?
Pilgrims. Religious freedom. William Bradford. Was later absorbed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Plymouth - 1620
Massachusetts Bay - 1630 • Puritans. Wished to purify the Anglican Church of anything resembling Catholicism. • Congregationalists & Separatists. • Secured a charter from King Charles I. • Led by John Winthrop. “City on a hill.” • Prospered from the start. Started with 17 ships and 1000 settlers. Well equipped with food, tools and valuable skills.
Puritan v. Pilgrim • Social class. • Covenant concept: voluntary but sacred agreements by which they understood themselves to be bound together in church and community. • Mayflower Compact. Consent of the governed. • Relationship between church and state. • Attitude.