Virginia Earth Science Interactive SOL Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Virginia Earth Science Interactive SOL Review

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  1. Virginia Earth ScienceInteractive SOL Review

  2. Metric System • Click picture to read and answer questions about the metric system.

  3. Triple Beam Balance • Click to learn about balances and how to read them. Make sure to practice.

  4. Reading a Graduated Cylinder • Click the picture to learn how to read graduated cylinders. • Click to get a copy of a worksheet for more practice.

  5. Density = Mass (g) / Volume (cm3or ml) • Click on the picture to practice calculating densities of different objects using water displacement.. • Click here to complete following lab with worksheet.

  6. Contour Maps Read About It Practice Click each line to practice reading contour (topographic) maps. Rule of V’s Determining Point Elevations Labeling Contours Depression Contours Gradients More Labeling Contours • Click to learn how to read a contour (topographic) map.

  7. Drawing Isopleths • Isopleth: a line of equal value • Click the image below to learn how to perform a contour analysis. Before After

  8. Rocks and Minerals Read About Rocks Read About Minerals Click to read about minerals. Click to read about physical properties of minerals. • Click to read about and answer questions on rocks.

  9. Plate Tectonics • Click on picture to read and learn about plate tectonics.

  10. Volcanoes • Click picture to learn about different types of volcanoes.

  11. Volcano Quick Reference Guide

  12. Earthquakes • Click picture to read and learn about earthquakes. • Click to print out a worksheet to go with the lab.

  13. Seismic Waves • Click picture to view p-wave and s-wave motions.

  14. How a Seismic Graph Works • Click picture to see how a seismic graph functions.

  15. Types of Faults • Click the picture to see different types of faults.

  16. Groundwater and the Water Cycle • Click to learn about groundwater. • Click the picture to learn about the Water Cycle

  17. Weathering and Erosion • Click picture to read and learn about Mechanical/Physical and Chemical Weathering

  18. Oceanography • This is an introduction to oceanography. Measuring the depths of the oceans, ocean floor features and Surface Ocean Currents • Print out the following worksheets: • Activity Worksheet 1 • Activity Worksheet 2 • Click here to go to the lab. • Make sure you read the directions and information on the screen. • For Exercise 2 you will not use Figure 13.9 on p. 365, instead you will use the picture on the next slide. • For Exercise 3 (the surface ocean currents map) you will not use Figure 15.3 on page 413 instead you will use the map on the next slide or click here.

  19. Seafloor Features

  20. Global Ocean Currents

  21. Upwelling • Click picture to read and learn about upwelling.

  22. Moon Phases • Print out the following worksheet: • Activity worksheet • Click here to go to the lab • Take notes as you read. • Different Moon Phases create different tides as well as cause different eclipses.

  23. Spring and Neap Tides

  24. Solar Eclipse • Moon phase: New • Moon’s umbra (shadow) hits Earth’s surface and makes it look like the moon covers the sun • Look at picture below • Part of Sun seen: Corona • Look at Corona using polarized lenses (or eyes will be severely damaged). • Look at picture below

  25. Lunar Eclipse • Moon phase: Full • Moon passes into Earth’s umbra (shadow) • Look at picture below • Part of Moon seen: All of the Moon  has a reddish color • Look at picture below

  26. Layers of the Atmosphere • Click the picture to read and learn about the layers of our atmosphere. Use the green arrows on the screen that will appear to advance slides.

  27. The Atmosphere • Click for Composition of the Atmosphere. • Click for Variable Gases of Atmosphere. • Click for Early Atmosphere.

  28. Interactive Layers of Atmosphere • Click picture to interact with different variables.

  29. Temperature Phenomena • This lab is an introduction to the Sun's radiation and heating of the atmosphere, albedo, and daily mean temperature and daily range. • Print out the following worksheet: • Activity worksheet • Click here to go to the lab • Take notes as you read.

  30. Atmospheric Pressure • Click picture to read about pressure.

  31. Coriolis Effect • Click picture to read

  32. High and Low Pressure Anticyclones (H) Cyclones (L) Click picture to learn about cyclones • Click picture to read about anticyclones

  33. Windbelts

  34. Sea Breezes vs. Land Breezes Sea Breeze Land Breeze Click picture to read about land breezes. • Click picture to read about sea breezes.

  35. Air Masses and Fronts • Click the picture to read and learn about air masses and fronts.

  36. Clouds and Precipitation • Click to read and learn about clouds and precipitation.

  37. Mid-Latitude Cyclones • Click picture to read and learn about Mid-Latitude Cyclones

  38. Hurricanes • Click picture to read and learn about hurricanes.

  39. Severe Storms Tornadoes Thunderstorms Click picture to read and learn about t-storms. • Click picture to read and learn about twisters.

  40. El Nino • Click picture to read and learn about

  41. Station Models Read About It Practice Click on picture to decipher station models. • Click to read about station models.

  42. Earth’s Axis of Rotation Quick Facts: Axis of rotation is tilted 23.50 The tiltis the reason for the seasons. It takes 24 hours to complete one rotation. Rotation direction is counterclockwise that is why the sun appears to rise in the east and set in the west.

  43. SEASONS Quick Facts: Summer: (Summer Solstice) June 21st First day of Summer Direct sun rays hit Tropic of Cancer (23.50 N) Longest day in N. Hemisphere No night above Arctic Circle (66.50 N) Fall/Autumn: (Autumnal Equinox) Sept. 23rd First day of Fall Direct sun rays hit the equator 12 hours of daylight/12 hours of night Winter: (Winter Solstice) December 21st First day of Winter Direct sun rays hit Tropic of Capricorn (23.50 S) Shortest day in N. Hemisphere No daylight above Arctic Circle (66.50 N) Spring: (Spring/Vernal Equinox) March 21st First day of Spring Direct sun rays hit the equator 12 hours of daylight/12 hours of night

  44. Earth’s Revolution • Earth revolves around the sun every365.25 days. • Earth revolves counterclockwise around the sun.

  45. Solar System • Click to read and learn about the different planets. • Inner Planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars • ASTEROID BELT • Outer Planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune • Dwarf Planet: Pluto

  46. Asteroids • Click picture to read and learn about asteroids.

  47. Comets • Click picture to learn about comets.

  48. Meteoroid, Meteor, Meteorite • Meteoroid: • Sand to boulder sized particles in space. • Meteor: • Visible path left by meteoroid as it burns up in Earth’s atmosphere (a.k.a. a “shooting star”). • Meteorite: • Piece of meteoroid that didn’t burn up in atmosphere and struck Earth’s surface.

  49. Star Life Cycle • Click on picture to learn about the life cycle of a star.

  50. 3 Types of Galaxies • Spiral • flat roating disk with stars, gas and dust with a center bulge with spiral arms. • Our Galaxy  the Milky Way Galaxy • Elliptical • All bulge with no disk • Irregulars • No symmetric shape, no clear bulge or disk