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Introduction on Applied Behavior Analysis

Introduction on Applied Behavior Analysis

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Introduction on Applied Behavior Analysis

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  1. Introduction on Applied Behavior Analysis Workshop 3 Eunice Park

  2. Workshop 3 agenda: • Chaining activity • Review the principles from previous workshop • Video-Carly (9:53) • Role playing-Positive reinforcement • Role playing-Positive punishment • Break • Questions? • Role play-Negative reinforcement • Role play-Negative punishment • Questions? • Evaluation form

  3. Workshop 3 agenda: • Today’s workshop will focus on YOU modeling each principle. We will be role playing, so that you are comfortable in applying each principle, and this role playing will help in the field, home or school. • For these role playing scenarios, we will form groups of 3 (we will have 5 groups of 3)

  4. Expectations • In each group: 1 person will be taking the ABC data 1 person will be acting out the behavior 1 person will be delivering the consequence • For each scenario, I will provide each group with an antecedent, and it will be your group’s job to act out the behavior and the appropriate consequence. We will also rotate within the group, so that each person is able to practice each aspect.

  5. Example: • Principle: Positive reinforcement • Antecedent: Just arrived at the movies Person acting out behavior: the child asked, “mom, can I have some popcorn, please?” (add a tap to mom’s shoulder) Person acting out the consequence: “sure, thanks for asking me. Here’s your popcorn.” Person taking ABC: A_____ B______ C ______

  6. Note • In the field of ABA, punishment is not used. The list of strategies presented briefly in Workshop 2 are the go to strategies to use to decrease problem behavior, without the use of punishment procedures. • The examples of punishment presented in this workshop are solely for the purpose of practice.

  7. Note • During role play, I’ll provide the first set of examples for each principle, then when you guys rotate, I want the group to come up with 2 other examples.

  8. Ice Breaker • Chaining activity • Recall from Workshop 1 • Get a sheet of paper and write down a daily living skill (Ex: Washing hands), and break down that big skill, into smaller teachable steps. • Remember that these small teachable steps lead to the end behavior, which is washing hands independently. • I will give 7-10 minutes

  9. Refresher • What is positive reinforcement? Please give me 3 examples. • What is negative punishment? Please give me 3 examples. • What is positive punishment? Please give me 3 examples. • What is negative reinforcement? Please give me 3 examples.

  10. Carly • This video was posted in 2009, and reported by 20/20. • When I first saw this video, it was eye opening and so incredibly hopeful. • This video is 9:53.

  11. Positive Reinforcement • Antecedent: (Discrete Trial Teaching) Therapist held up a 2D card (chair) for labeling. • Behavior: The student correctly responds, “Chair” • Consequence: “Nice job Nicole! Way to go! Here’s your M&M!” • A_____B______C______ • Why is this positive reinforcement? *Each person in the group needs to rotate**

  12. Positive Punishment • Antecedent: Driving on icy road. • Behavior: Driving at the normal speed. • Consequence: Crash into the car ahead. • A____B____C____ • Why is this positive punishment? **Rotate within group** • Take a 10 minute break

  13. Negative Reinforcement • Antecedent: Dad and 4 year old Matty went to Toys R Us to buy some presents. • Behavior: Matty starts to whine and cry that he wants “the new Power Ranger” toy. Dad tells him, “Not today,” and Matty gets louder and louder. • Consequence: Dad said, “ok I’ll buy it,” and Matty smiled. • A____B____C____ • Tell me why this is negative reinforcement. **Rotate within groups** • What is the function of Matty’s behavior?

  14. Negative Punishment • Antecedent: Mom tells Angie (13) to clean her room. • Behavior: Angie tells the mom “No! I’m not cleaning.” • Consequence: Angie does not get that week’s allowance. • A___B___C___ • Why is this negative punishment? **Rotate within groups** • What is the function of Angie’s behavior?

  15. Questions?

  16. Please fill out the evaluation form.I want to thank you for attending these workshops. I hope that they gave some insight into an introduction to what Applied Behavior Analysis is.Thank you so much, and once the forms are completed and put back in the manila envelope, you are free to get back into your set routines. Thank you!