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Complements

Complements

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Complements

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  1. Complements

  2. A word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb (could be a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective) Every sentence must have at least one ________ and _________ Often a verb also needs a complement to make the sentence complete Complements

  3. Marissa bought Carli thanked Richie and Chris were Complements

  4. Complements are NEVER • An adverb • Adverb: The dog is outside. • Complement: The dog is friendly. • Part of a prepositional phrase • Object of preposition: Ben is studying for his geography test. • Complement: Ben is studying his geography notes. Complements

  5. A noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb. • Example: • Our English class created a timeline for Whirligig. • Have the hurricanes destroyed one of the whirligigs? Direct Objects

  6. Note: • D.O. never complete a linking verb because linking verbs do not express action • William Wordsworth became poet laureate of England in 1843. • D.O. are never part of a prepositional phrase • He walked for hours in the English countryside. • D.O. may be compound • Sarah planted tulips and roses. Direct Objects

  7. A noun, pronoun, or word group that sometimes appears in sentences containing direct objects • I.O. do NOT receive the action of the verb • Example: • John showed the class his Whirligig project. • Ms. Shaw bought us a treat. Indirect Objects

  8. Linking verbs do not have indirect objects • I.O. are never in a prepositional phrase • I.O. may be compound • Joey sent Brandon, Tom, and me invitations. Indirect objects

  9. practice

  10. Page 123, exercise 3 Practice

  11. A word or word group in the predicate that identifies or describes the subject. • Examples: • Jennifer has been president of her class since October. • The track looks slippery. Subject complement

  12. Subject complements are connected to the subject by a linking verb • Common Linking Verbs • appear become grow remain feel look seem sound • Two kinds of subject complements: • Predicate nominative and predicate adjective Subject Complement

  13. Mr. Morton Predicates

  14. A word or word group in the predicate that identifies the subject A predicate nominative may be a noun, pronoun, or a word group that functions as a noun, connected to its subject by a linking verb. Predicate nominative

  15. Predicate nominatives are never part of a prepositional phrase • Examples: • A dictionary is a valuable tool. • The winners of the race were Nicole and Kasey. • Is that what you ordered? Predicate nominatives

  16. Predicate nominatives always complete a linking verb. • We are the delegates from our school. • Direct objects always complete an action verb. • We elected the delegates from our school. D.O. vs Predicate Nominative

  17. An adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject, connected to the subject by the linking verb. • Examples: • Cold iced tea tastes good on a hot day. • How kind you are! Predicate adjectives

  18. Page 128, Review B PRACTICE

  19. THE END